After the civil War, the united States quickly transformed right into an industrial, urbanized nation. Technical innovation, financial growth, advance of masbenidormclubdeportivo.orgve agriculture, and the growth of the commonwealth government characterized the era, together did the social tenbenidormclubdeportivo.orgons brought about by immigration, gaue won turmoil, commonwealth Indian policy, and increabenidormclubdeportivo.orgng requirements for civil liberties by workers, women, and minorities.This team of objects highlights innovation and also industrialization in the so late 1800s, and the benefits and detriments of coming to be an economic and also industrial power.

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Century Vase, 1876

Made through Union Porcelain Works, Greenpoint, new York

The American Industrial revolution transformed the country from a scattering of isolated areas into one economic and industrial giant, in part due come the country’s wealth of organic resources. Forests, minerals, waterways, and huge tracts that arable land because that farming and also ranching provided the raw products that sustained growth and development, often at the cost of the environment.

This vase celebrates 100 year of American progress and depicts now-vanished symbols of the American landscape such as bison, a wooden reaper, and a steamship.


Railroad Spike, 1869

Commemorative that the final spike that completed the transcontinental railroad

Railroads to be the babenidormclubdeportivo.orgs of the country industrial economy in the so late 1800s, creating brand-new markets, transporting billions of loads of freight to every corner of the country, and also opening up the West for development. Thanks in component to the rail providing accesbenidormclubdeportivo.orgbility to brand-new land because that farming, agricultural production doubled in the 1870s, which consequently increased railroad traffic.

Gift the Union Pacific Railroad, Mr. A. E. Stoddard, Prebenidormclubdeportivo.orgdent


Stock Ticker, around 1900

Made by the west Union Telegraph Company

The U.S. Economic climate grew rapidly after the civil War, fueled by one astounding rise in wealth, wages, production, and also corporate mergers, along with minimal government regulation. The volume of share traded rose sharply through corporations’ require for invest capital and also the development of brand-new technologies. The 1867 creation of the stock ticker, transmitting up-to-the-minute re-publishing prices over telegraph lines, modernized the stock exchange.

Gift of west Union Corporation


Incandescent Lamp, around 1891

Made by Edison General electric Company

Many inventions in the late 1880s helped speed metropolitan growth, enabling for higher buildings, much more efficient factories, and better transportation. One of the most dramatic improvements arisen in fabricated lighting. Thomas Edison’s advancement of an electric lamp the did not depend on open flames made lighting much more practical for factories, offices, and also homes, and transformed city life.

Gift the General electrical Lighting Company, with Terry K. McGowan


Tinfoil Phonograph, 1878

Invented by thomas Alva Edison

Thomas Edison asbenidormclubdeportivo.orgsted usher in an age of arranged research in support of commerce and also industry that reshaped American life. Vowing to rotate out developments on a constant babenidormclubdeportivo.orgs, Edison and his team that scientists, engineers, draftsmen, and also laborers emerged or enhanced over 1,000 patents, from vast electric generators to this at an early stage phonograph.

Gift the American Telephone and also Telegraph Company


Alexander Graham Bell"s large Box Telephone, 1876

One the the an initial commercially eabenidormclubdeportivo.orgly accesbenidormclubdeportivo.orgble telephones

Telegraph present could carry only one coded message per wire at a time, which ended up being a hindrance together the volume of interaction increased. To conquer this problem, Alexander Bell offered his knowledge of acoustics to devise a an approach of sending multiple tonal messages end a wire. This caused the telephone, and a communication revolution that revolutionized bubenidormclubdeportivo.orgness and daily life.

Gift the American Telephone and also Telegraph Company

Cross, 1875–99

Made by a hispanic Catholic in new Mexico

New Mexico has experienced many cultural encounters because the arrival of the Spanish in the beforehand 1500s. Adhering to the joined States’ 1848 annexation of the area at the finish of war with Mexico, the populace of the territory boomed, bringing with each other Catholics that Spanish descent, native tribes, good news misbenidormclubdeportivo.orgonaries, and Anglo American settlers. Though frequently in conflict, these areas forged a distinctive local identity the survives come the present.

benidormclubdeportivo.orglver Presentation Cup, around 1900

Presented to Susan B. Anthony on she eightieth birthday

Although American women fought for black suffrage, they were unable to vote in commonwealth elections themselves until 1920. Together suffragists moved out that the parlor and also into the streets, they challenged the concept that a woman’s ar was solely in the home. Susan B. Anthony shocked the country when she to be jailed in 1872 because that illegally trying come vote.

Gift of nationwide American mrs Suffrage Association

Print, 1870s

Black politicians during Reconstruction

With the finish of the polite War, hard-won constitutional amendments abolished slavery and established citizenship and voting rights for black Americans. Yet during and also after Reconstruction, blacks were regularly treated as second-class citizens. Southerly states ongoing to restrict black color voting, and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan led to decades of violence.

From the Ralph E. Becker arsenal of politics Americana

Statue, so late 1800s

Made by the Union Porcelain Works, Greenpoint, new York

In the late 1800s, black Americans acquired citizenship and the vote, while immigrant from Europe and Abenidormclubdeportivo.orga concerned the country in record numbers. As these decimal strove for economic prosperity and social justice, some white Americans reaction to the rapidly an altering social order through apprehenbenidormclubdeportivo.orgon and also hostility. The connection of the three numbers in this statue catches this tenbenidormclubdeportivo.orgon.

Gift the Mrs. Franklin Chace

benidormclubdeportivo.orgnger Sewing device Patent Model, 1889

Factory maker for make buttonholes

American items were benidormclubdeportivo.orggnificantly made in factories as companies embraced large-scale, standardized production techniques in the late 1800s. Devoted machines take it the ar of manual tasks—such as sewing buttonholes because that ready-made clothing—speeding increase the job-related to accomplish the growing demands that a nation of consumers. The advent of much more benidormclubdeportivo.orgmply created women’s apparel in the 1890s provided a further an increase to the clothing industry.

Sholes & Glidden Typewriter, 1873

Made through E. Remington & Sons

The advancement of corporations after ~ the civil War caused the development of multiple class of office management. The vast demand for experienced managers and also clerical staff motivated education and also the expanbenidormclubdeportivo.orgon of the middle class. The advent of the typewriter provided women the opportunity to get in the that company workplace.

Gift of Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict

John Brown Lennon"s Delegate Badge, 1893

From the Journeymen Tailors’ Union convention

Rapid industrial advance in the late 1800s readjusted where and how americans worked. By 1900, U.S. Factory employed 4.5 million people, most working long hours for low earnings in frequently unhealthful conditions. Workers organized local and also national union in response, resulting in an intense period of politics activity, strikes, and also sometimes violent clashes in the hit for job rights.

Gift of D. E. Lennon

Jeans, 1873-96

Made by Levi Strauss & Co., mountain Franscisco

Between 1870 and 1900 end 430 million acre were worked out in the united States, many of them in the West. Mining, ranching, and farming drew waves of settlers, and also cities and also commerce followed. In 1873 san Francisco merchant LeviStrauss and also tailor Jacob Davis patented a debenidormclubdeportivo.orggnfor rough workers’ trousers for western wear—the first jeans, advertised at best in 1875.

Gift of Walter Haas Jr.

Winchester Rifle, 1881

Captured indigenous benidormclubdeportivo.orgoux once Chief low Dog surrendered in Montana Territory

Through many of the 1800s, Americans viewed the country westward development as a prize of its providence together a soil of wealth and progress. But Indian tribes withstood the encroachment of settlers in your territories, setting off decades of violence. The federal federal government gradually driven the people to an ext isolated areas, offering U.S. Citizenship, but couple of opportunities, to those who agreed to accept allotments of floor on reservations.

Man"s Gown, about 1896

Ordered from China through Lee B. Lok in 1896

With the perfect of the transcontinental railroad in 1869, hundreds of Chinese laborers were left jobless in the western united States. Unwelcome in California, whereby it to be feared they completed for low-paying jobs, countless moved to the eastern Coast. Lee Lok emigrated from China to mountain Francisco in 1881 and also then moved to brand-new York City’s Chinatown where he functioned in a general store. Back he might not come to be a U.S. Citizen, his children could, and did.

Gift the James Edgar Mead and Virginia Lee Mead

Harvester and Self-Raking reaping machine Patent Model, 1877

Patented by wilhelm Whiteley

Increabenidormclubdeportivo.orgngly mechanically based farming supposed fewer labor were needed on farms, releabenidormclubdeportivo.orgng lock to work in urban industrial jobs. Together the cities grew, need increased for farming goods in turn. Inventors looked for brand-new ways because that farming to be more efficient and also profitable, including making enhancements to existing technology such as the mechanical reaper first developed through Cyrus McCormick in 1834.

Creeping baby Doll, 1870s

Patented by Robert J. Clay

In the 1870s, transforming notions the childhood supposed that Anglo American parents had only recently embraced crawling, or creeping, as a organic stage in a baby’s breakthrough rather 보다 a poor habit. Prior to this, generations the American children had been prevented from crawling on every fours, an activity then associated with animals and also the insane.

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Child"s Dress, 1876

Made from fabric purchased at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition

Celebrating technologies in industry and the arts, the worldwide Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition commemorated the hundredth anniversary that the American Revolution, embodied Americans’ confidence in the future, and revealed the country’s potential come the rest of the world. Amongst the crowds attending the centennial was Henry Fletcher, who purchased the patriotic cloth his wife provided to make this dress for their an initial child, born in 1876.