The masculine reproductive mechanism is largely located exterior of the body. These exterior organs incorporate the penis, scrotum and testicles. Inner organs include the vas deferens, prostate and also urethra. The masculine reproductive device is responsible for sexual function, and urination.

Overview

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What’s the masculine reproductive system?

The male reproductive system contains a team of organs that make up a male reproductive and also urinary system. This organs perform the adhering to jobs within her body:

They produce, maintain and also transport sperm (the male reproductive cells) and semen (the protective fluid about sperm).They discharge sperm into the mrs reproductive tract.They produce and secrete masculine sex hormones.

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The male reproductive device is comprised of interior (inside your body) and also external (outside your body) parts. Together, this organs aid you urinate (rid your body of fluid waste materials), have sexual intercourse and make children.


Function

How does the male reproductive system function?

The whole male reproductive device is dependent on hormones. These room chemicals the stimulate or control the activity of her cells or organs. The primary hormones associated in the work of the male reproductive device are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and also testosterone.

FSH and also LH are created by the pituitary gland. It’s situated at the base of your brain and it’s responsible for many functions in her body. FSH is crucial for sperm manufacturing (spermatogenesis). LH stimulates the production of testosterone, i m sorry is crucial to proceed the process of spermatogenesis. Testosterone is also important in the breakthrough of masculine characteristics, consisting of muscle mass and also strength, fat distribution, bone mass and also sex drive.


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What are the external male reproductive structures?

Most of the male reproductive device is located exterior of your abdominal cavity or pelvis. The external parts that the masculine reproductive system include the penis, the scrotum and the testicles.

Penis

The dick is the male body organ for sexual intercourse. It has three parts:

The root: This is the component of the penis that attaches to the wall of your abdomen.

The opening of the urethra — the tube the transports both semen and urine out of the body — is located at the guideline of the glans penis. The penis likewise contains numerous sensitive nerve endings.

Semen, which includes sperm, is expelled (ejaculated) v the finish of the prick when a guy reaches sexual climax (orgasm). As soon as the prick is erect, the circulation of pee is blocked from the urethra, allowing only semen to be ejaculated in ~ orgasm.

Scrotum

The scrotum is the loose pouch-like sac the skin that hangs behind the penis. The holds the testicles (also dubbed testes), and many nerves and blood vessels. The scrotum protects her testes, as well as providing a type of climate control system. For regular sperm development, the testes need to be in ~ a temperature contempt cooler 보다 the body temperature. Unique muscles in the wall surface of the scrotum allow it come contract (tighten) and also relax, relocating the testicles closer to the body for warmth and also protection or farther away from the human body to cool the temperature.

Testicles (testes)

The testes are oval organs about the size of very huge olives the lie in the scrotum, secured in ~ either finish by a structure dubbed the spermatic cord. Most men have two testes. The testes space responsible because that making testosterone, the main male sex hormone, and for creating sperm. Within the testes space coiled masses the tubes called seminiferous tubules. These tubules room responsible for developing the sperm cells through a process called spermatogenesis.

Epididymis

The epididymis is a long, coiled tube the rests ~ above the backside of each testicle. It carries and also stores sperm cells that are created in the testes. It’s additionally the job of the epididymis to bring the sperm to maturity — the sperm that emerge from the testes are immature and also incapable the fertilization. During sexual arousal, contractions force the sperm into the vas deferens.

What space the internal male reproductive organs?

You have several internal organs — also called accessory organs — the play a big part in the male reproductive system. These organs include:

Vas deferens: The vas deferens is a long, muscular tube the travels native the epididymis into the pelvic cavity, to simply behind the bladder. The vas deferens transports tires sperm to the urethra in preparation for ejaculation.Ejaculatory ducts: this ducts are developed by the blend of the vas deferens and also the seminal vesicles. The ejaculatory ducts empty right into the urethra.Urethra: The urethra is the tube the carries urine native the bladder to external of your body. In males, it has actually the additional duty of expelling (ejaculating) semen once you with orgasm. When the penis is erect during sex, the flow of urine is clogged from the urethra, permitting only semen to it is in ejaculated at orgasm.Seminal vesicles: The seminal vesicles space sac-like pouches that affix to the vas deferens near the base of the bladder. The seminal vesicles make a sugar-rich fluid (fructose) that offers sperm with a source of energy and helps v the sperms’ ability to move (motility). The liquid of the seminal vesicles renders up many of the volume of her ejaculatory fluid, or ejaculate.Prostate gland: The prostate gland is a walnut-sized framework that’s located listed below the urinary bladder in front of the rectum. The prostate gland contributes added fluid to the ejaculate. Prostate fluids also assist to nourish the sperm. The urethra, i m sorry carries the ejaculate to it is in expelled throughout orgasm, runs v the center of the prostate gland.Bulbourethral glands: The bulbourethral glands, or Cowper’s glands, are pea-sized structures located on the sides of the urethra, just below the prostate gland. This glands develop a clear, slippery liquid that empties straight into the urethra. This fluid serves come lubricate the urethra and to neutralize any type of acidity that may be current due come residual fall of to pee in the urethra.

Conditions and also Disorders

Can a male go with menopause?

Menopause is a term offered to define the finish of a woman's common menstrual function. In women, this is significant by changes in hormone production. One of the biggest changes for a woman after menopause is that she deserve to no longer have children. The testes, unlike the ovaries, don't lose the ability to make hormones. If a man is healthy, the may have the ability to make sperm well right into his 80s or longer.

On the various other hand, subtle transforms in the function of the testes can occur as at an early stage as 45 to 50 year of age, and more dramatically after ~ the period of 70. For numerous men, hormone production may remain normal into old age, if others might have declining hormone production earlier on. This can sometimes it is in a an outcome of an illness, such together diabetes.

It’s unclear even if it is decreasing testicular duty contributes to symptoms favor fatigue, weakness, depression or impotence.


Care

Can "male menopause" be treated?

If your testosterone levels room low, hormone replacement treatment may assist relieve symptoms, such together the lose of interest in sex, depression and also fatigue. However, replacing male hormones have the right to make prostate cancer worse, and may make atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) worse, also.

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You need to receive a complete physical examination and laboratory tests must be carry out before starting hormone instead of therapy. There room still plenty of unanswered questions about how plenty of middle-aged males could benefit from hormone replacement therapy. Talk to your health care provider around all the pros and cons the this treatment and also what the finest option is because that you.