Different Life Jackets for different Boating Activities

Below is a short description of each kind of life jacket, their intended use and the buoyancy lock provide.

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type I – naturally buoyant recommended uses and also features:

Intended Use:When cruising, racing and also fishing offshore , or when boating alone, or in stormy conditions.

Minimum Buoyancy:22 lbs. For adults. (11 lbs. For boy size)

Additional Information:Best for open, turbulent or remote water wherein rescue may be slow to arrive. Will certainly turn many unconscious wearers face-up in water.

Offers the finest protection, but is rather bulky and also uncomfortable. Walk the finest job the retaining human body heat, as it has added foam and also fabric, and keeps her head greater above water.

Currently, there aren"t any kind of Coast safety approved kind I inflatable PFD"s accessible to the basic public.

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type II – naturally buoyant encourage uses and also features:

Intended Use:Inland day cruising, fishing and sailing. An excellent for boating in light craft.

Minimum Buoyancy:15.5 lbs. Because that adult size.

Additional Information:Good because that protected, inland water close to shore, where opportunities of instant rescue is good. Not an ideal for prolonged survival in rough water. Will rotate SOME unconscious wearers face-up in water. Bad performer in stormy water, frequently requires you to tread water in bespeak to save your head above water.

More comfortable however less buoyant than type I. Provides far less flotation than a type I.

form II - inflatable recommended uses and also features:

Intended Use:For significant inland and near shore cruising.

Minimum Buoyancy:34 lbs. For adult size.

Additional Information:Not guarantee to turn unconscious wearer face-up.

Advantages: very comfortable, much more buoyant than form II inherently Buoyant jackets.

Disadvantages: High price; may be hand-operated or automatic.

There space many form V (special use) inflatable jackets (covered later in this section) that provide form II performance characteristics.

Inflatable PFDs room not supposed for children under the period of 16.

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kind III – inherently buoyant encourage uses and features:

Intended Use:Supervised activities, together as sailing regattas, dinghy races, water skiing, fishing, canoeing, kayaking and also during an individual watercraft operation.

Minimum Buoyancy:15.5 lbs. Because that adult size.

Additional Information:Good for protected, inland water close to shore, where possibility of prompt rescue is good.

Not perfect for prolonged survival in turbulent water. No designed to rotate unconscious world face up in water.

More comfortable come wear than a kind I or a kind II, but provides much less floatation 보다 a form I.


kind III – blow up recommended uses and features:

Intended Use:For boating inshore and also near shore and for supervised tasks such as sailing regattas, dinghy races, canoeing.

Minimum Buoyancy:22.5 lbs. Because that adult size.

Additional Information:Not guarantee to turn unconscious wearer face-up.

Advantages: more comfortable 보다 a form III inherently Buoyant jacket.

Disadvantages: one hand-operated inflation system only.

Inflatable PFDs room not meant for youngsters under the age of 16.

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form IV – Throwable Device:

Intended Use:A type IV is draft to it is in thrown to an overboard victim or to supplement the buoyancy that a human overboard. That is no to it is in worn. Minimum buoyancy: 16.5 lbs. Because that ring buoy or 18 lbs. For watercraft cushion.

Additional Information:A type IV throwable machine can it is in a square style, or a ring buoy or horseshoe buoy placed on deck.

A form IV is not for unconscious persons, non-swimmers or children. Return these tools are often referred to as seat cushions, you must never usage it as such. This degradation the foam and reduces the lot of floatation the is provided.

NOTE - form IV devices must be IMMEDIATELY available for use. You must have actually one in ~ arm"s length to litter over the next in one emergency. Having actually one in a locker under the driver"s chair isn"t considered "immediately available."

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form V – one-of-a-kind use life jackets:

Intended Use:Restricted to the special use because that which every is designed, for example: sailboard harness, deck suit, paddling vest, commercial white water vest or float coats.

Minimum Buoyancy:15.5 come 22 lbs. For adult size.

Additional Information:Must be worn when underway to accomplish minimum US coastline Guard requirements. Simply having a form V PFD ~ above board will certainly not accomplish the USCG carriage requirements.

type V – automatic inflation models:

Intended Use:Restricted come the one use for which the is designed, ex. Belt pack, deck suit, to rise coat.

Minimum Buoyancy:22.5 come 34 lbs. Relying on style.

Additional Information:Must it is in worn to satisfy federal requirements.

Not guarantee to turn an unconscious wearer face-up. Some manufacturers claim kind II performance. Part models function a combination of CO2 inflation and also built-in foam and administer 15.5 come 22 lbs. That buoyancy.

form V – Hybrid Inflation and also some one-of-a-kind notes:

Intended Use:Models recommended for boating tasks where rescue is adjacent and should be worn as soon as underway.

Minimum Buoyancy:Have 7.5 lbs. Of integrated foam buoyancy and also can be inflated to 22 lbs.

Additional Information:More comfortable to wear than type I or kind II, however are insufficient for unconscious overboard victims.

Inflation Mechanism: When activated, a CO2 cartridge is pierced, publication gas come inflate the device. Water-activated models inflate instantly when submerged in water.

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Manual units are activated through yanking a pull-tab. Both species of inflatables attribute blow-tubes to provide a back-up technique of inflation. The is vital to follow the manufacturer"s instructions because that checking and maintaining her inflation mechanism.