An inland sea connected with the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea off the Arabian Peninsula from northeastern Africa. The Red Sea contains some that the world’s hottest and also saltiest seawater. Through its link to the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal, it is among the most heavily traveled waterways in the world.

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The Red Sea is bordered by Egypt, Sudan, and Eritrea top top the west and also Saudi Arabia and also Yemen on the east. The Red Sea occupies an area of around 174,000 square miles (450,000 square kilometers). From a maximum width of 190 miles (306 kilometers), it narrows come 20 mile (32 kilometers) at its southern end. The preferably depth is 9,974 feet (3,040 meters), however the typical depth is around 1,500 feet (460 meters).

The Red Sea extends from Suez, Egypt, southward for about 1,200 mile (1,930 kilometers) come the strait the Bab el-Mandeb. That strait connects the sea through the Gulf the Aden and also then v the Indian Ocean. At its northern finish the sea splits right into two parts. The Gulf of Suez is to the northwest, and the Gulf of Aqaba come the northeast. Between these two gulfs lies the Sinai Peninsula. The Gulf that Suez extend to in ~ 100 mile (160 kilometers) the the Mediterranean Sea. The intervening strip of soil is well-known as the Isthmus of Suez. The Suez Canal operation north and south across the isthmus, connecting the Mediterranean and also Red seas.

The shores that the Red Sea are mainly straight and also without far-reaching indentation. The eastern and western shores parallel each various other for almost the whole length that the sea. There space several small island teams in the southern component of the Red Sea. The biggest are the Dahlak Archipelago and the Farasan Islands. A group of active volcanoes exists just south that the Dahlak Archipelago.

The climate is the monsoon kind but with better dryness due to the sea’s location between the deserts of north Africa and also the Arabian Peninsula. Mean winter temperatures range from 59 °F (15 °C) in the phibìc to 81 °F (27 °C) in the south. Summer temperatures variety from 81 °F in the north to 104 °F (40 °C) in the south. Water temperatures average 80 °F (26.7 °C). The relative humidity is very high throughout the summer. Rainfall is scarce and occurs mostly in winter.


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The sea’s surname is acquired from the color changes observed in its water. Normally the Red Sea is an extreme blue green. Due to the fact that of the visibility of a red algae, however, the color of the water at times appears reddish brown. Comprehensive water evaporation and tiny water inflow rise the water’s salinity, or saltiness. No water beginning the Red Sea indigenous rivers. Water loss v evaporation is estimated at much more than 80 customs (200 centimeters) every year. One inflow that less-saline water v Bab el-Mandeb in the south is driven northward by prevailing winds. The more-saline water indigenous the Gulf that Suez flows southward. The is approximated that over there is a complete renewal that water in the Red Sea every 20 years.

Major mineral sources are petroleum deposits, gypsum, dolomite, and heavy-metal deposits. Some salt is extracted from seawater for neighborhood use. Pet life consists of dolphins, gigantic sea turtles, and more than 400 varieties of fishes.


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One of the world busiest trade routes, the Red Sea carries website traffic largely in between Europe and also Asia. Significant ports on the eastern side include Al-ʿAqaba, Jordan; Elat, Israel; Jiddah, Saudi Arabia; and Al-Hudaydah, Yemen. Top top the afri coast major ports room Suez, Egypt; harbor Sudan, Sudan; and also Massawa, Eritrea. Concealed coral reefs, regular sandstorms, and also irregular water currents do navigation challenging and dangerous. Extensive growth of coral reefs has made details parts that the channel an extremely narrow. In ~ Bab el-Mandeb the channel is kept open by blasting and also dredging.

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The Red Sea is just one of the very first large body of water discussed in taped history. The waterway was offered for Egyptian marine commerce around 2000 bc. Some shallow canals were dug between the Nile River and the Red Sea in ancient times yet were later abandoned. For centuries cargo was brought over soil by camel caravans native the Gulf of Aqaba come the Mediterranean Sea. It to be not till 1869 that the Suez Canal was cut across the isthmus, substantially facilitating trade and transportation ~ above the Red Sea. ~ the British acquired possession that India and Australia, the Red Sea path became critical to brothers commerce.