The balanced equation because that the reaction that H2SO4 and also sodium hydroxide that produces sodium sulfate and also water is H2SO4 + 2(NaOH) -----> Na2SO4 + 2(H2O).
You are watching: When sulfuric acid reacts with sodium hydroxide sodium sulfate and water form
Who room the experts?Our certified Educators are genuine professors, teachers, and also scholars who usage their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Educators go v a rigorous applications process, and every price they send is the evaluation by our in-house editorial team.
First, we should recognize the the formula (H2SO4) is not hydrochloric acid. The source "chlor" in "hydochloric acid" dbenidormclubdeportivo.org the presence of chlorine, i beg your pardon is not current in H2SO4. Hydrochloric acid is HCl. H2SO4 is sulfuric acid.
We need to integrate sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide to create sodium...
Start your 48-hour complimentary trial come unlock this answer and also thousands more. Reap benidormclubdeportivo.org ad-free and cancel anytime.
First, we have to recognize the the formula (H2SO4) is no hydrochloric acid. The source "chlor" in "hydochloric acid" dbenidormclubdeportivo.org the presence of chlorine, which is not present in H2SO4. Hydrochloric acid is HCl. H2SO4 is sulfuric acid.
We require to combine sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide to develop sodium sulfate and water.
H2SO4 + NaOH ----> Na2SO4 + H2O
This is the skeleton equation; it reflects us what the reactants and also products are, however not your coefficients, i.e. How countless of each molecule we need to complete the reaction.
In order come balance the equation, the variety of atoms need to be precisely the very same on both sides. Currently, top top the reactant side we have:
3H, 1S, 5O, 1Na
And on the reactant side us have:
2H, 1S, 5O, 2Na
The salt atoms and the hydrogen atom don"t match. Balance the sodium first. It"s commonly much less complicated if you conserve hydrogen and oxygen for last. Come balance the sodium, we need to increase the number of sodium hydroxide molecule in the reactants:
H2SO4 + 2(NaOH) ----> Na2SO4 + H2O
Now we have actually 4H, 1S, 6O, 2Na and also 2H, 1S, 5O, 2Na.
See more: 4) How Old Was Elizabeth When John The Baptist Was Born ? Elizabeth (Biblical Person)
Everything matches other than the hydrogen and oxygen in the products. Fortunately we"re lacking exactly 2 hydrogens and 1 oxygen: one H2O molecule.