Write and also balance the equation because that the reaction the hydrochloric mountain (H2SO4) and also sodium hydroxide to produce sodium sulfate and water.

The balanced equation because that the reaction that H2SO4 and also sodium hydroxide that produces sodium sulfate and also water is H2SO4 + 2(NaOH) -----> Na2SO4 + 2(H2O).

You are watching: When sulfuric acid reacts with sodium hydroxide sodium sulfate and water form


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First, we should recognize the the formula (H2SO4) is not hydrochloric acid. The source "chlor" in "hydochloric acid" dbenidormclubdeportivo.org the presence of chlorine, i beg your pardon is not current in H2SO4. Hydrochloric acid is HCl. H2SO4 is sulfuric acid.

We need to integrate sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide to create sodium...


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First, we have to recognize the the formula (H2SO4) is no hydrochloric acid. The source "chlor" in "hydochloric acid" dbenidormclubdeportivo.org the presence of chlorine, which is not present in H2SO4. Hydrochloric acid is HCl. H2SO4 is sulfuric acid.

We require to combine sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide to develop sodium sulfate and water.

H2SO4 + NaOH ----> Na2SO4 + H2O

This is the skeleton equation; it reflects us what the reactants and also products are, however not your coefficients, i.e. How countless of each molecule we need to complete the reaction.

In order come balance the equation, the variety of atoms need to be precisely the very same on both sides. Currently, top top the reactant side we have:

3H, 1S, 5O, 1Na

And on the reactant side us have:

2H, 1S, 5O, 2Na

The salt atoms and the hydrogen atom don"t match. Balance the sodium first. It"s commonly much less complicated if you conserve hydrogen and oxygen for last. Come balance the sodium, we need to increase the number of sodium hydroxide molecule in the reactants:

H2SO4 + 2(NaOH) ----> Na2SO4 + H2O

Now we have actually 4H, 1S, 6O, 2Na and also 2H, 1S, 5O, 2Na.

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Everything matches other than the hydrogen and oxygen in the products. Fortunately we"re lacking exactly 2 hydrogens and 1 oxygen: one H2O molecule.