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Geoffrey Chaucer is widely thought about to be the dad of English literature. Chaucer was born in 1343, simply as the Middle ages were coming to a close and also the Renaissance to be dawning. His job-related The Canterbury Tales looks ago on the 3 hundred and also fifty years that came before his writing.

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Geoffrey Chaucer is widely taken into consideration to it is in the father of English literature. Chaucer to be born in 1343, simply as the Middle eras were comes to a close and also the Renaissance was dawning. His occupational The Canterbury Tales looks back on the three hundred and fifty year that preceded his writing.

In those previously centuries, Medieval culture was separated into three distinct social classes:

AristocracyClergyPeasantry

This society was known as “feudalism” and also it had a an extremely strict hierarchy. Over there was basically no movement in between the classes and no possibility to change one’s station in life.

Feudalism was structured favor a pyramid. Majesties were in ~ the top, adhered to by nobles, knights, and also peasants in ~ the bottom. However, by the time Chaucer to be writing, these strict lines were starting to erode. There to be a range of reasons for the death of feudalism.

Rise of the vendor Class

Both speed and also accuracy of travel were improving. Brand-new goods to be flowing into medieval cities; many new foods, spices, fabrics, and other materials were introduced. Exporting businesses grew significantly with every passing year as well. For this reason many new opportunities to administer goods and services developed that groups of vendors who developed the exact same sorts of goods (carpenters, because that example) banded with each other for the first time to type guilds. This guilds can regulate prices within their speciality and also monitor quality.

Expanding Knowledge

Traveling not only brought new goods home yet also new ideas. Mathematics and architecture saw substantial leaps in interest and application.

Oxford and also Cambridge universities were established in 1096 and 1209 respectively. These were the very first institutions in England devoted to secular learning; every previous higher education was with the clergy.

The Magna Carta

Drawn up in 1215 (but not fully implemented for another couple of hundred years) the Magna Carta develop trial through jury and legalized taxation. This resulted in a new profession: lawyers, who were a prominent component of society by Chaucer’s time.

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The black color Plague

One the the final fatality blows come the long-held mechanism of feudalism come in a single year. Indigenous 1348 to 1349, somewhere between thirty and also fifty percent that the English population succumbbed to the black color Plague. A absence of workers resulted in a huge shortage the labor. Now workers could make more demands, and also have them met, making castle the most powerful they had ever been.