A unit the measurement is a quantity used as a traditional to express a physical quantity. The following are the straightforward quantities being measured and the corresponding units used:

1.Length

Length – defines how long something is. Distance, height, thickness, and depth additionally use the same units.

Some the the common units space as follows:

• millimeter (mm) – a metric unit generally used to express the length of very tiny objects like keys, and also thickness of small objects favor notebook.

•centimeter (cm) – a metric unit typically used come express the length of little objects. It is additionally used in measure the elevation of a person.

•inch (in) – an English unit frequently used come express the length of small objects such together boxes and bottles.

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•foot (ft) – an English unit equivalent to 12 inches. That is generally used to express short distances, and also height of all objects favor trees and also buildings.


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A leader is a usual instrument provided for measuring the length of small objects. It typically has 4 units of measure to choose from: millimeter, centimeter, inch, and also foot.
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A meterstick is one instrument because that measuring short distances.


For quick distances, the metric unit meter (m) and also the English unit yard (yd) are commonly used.

For long distances, the metric unit kilometer (km) and the English unit mile (mi) are frequently used.


Units that Length


Metric mechanism English mechanism
millimeter Mm inch In
centimeter Cm Foot Ft
meter M Yard Yd
kilometer Km Mile Mi

2. Mass

Mass – describes how hefty something is.

Some that the typical units space as follows:

• milligram (mg) - a metric unit generally used to express the massive of very little objects favor candy.

• gram (g) – a metric unit which is the basic unit for mass. It is generally used to express the massive of tiny objects favor orange, egg, and tomato.

• ounce (oz) – an English unit typically used come express the fixed o

• kilogram (kg) – an English unit generally used for measuring short distances, and also height of high objects prefer trees and also buildings.

• lb (lb) – one English unit generally used for measuring quick distances, and height of tall objects prefer trees and also buildings.

• ton – one English unit commonly used for measuring short distances, and also height of high objects like trees and also buildings.


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A weighing range is one instrument commonly used because that measuring the mass of fruits, vegetables, and meat. The range is calibrated in grams and also kilograms

Units of Mass


Metric device English mechanism
milligram Mg Ounce Oz
Gram G Pound Lb
Kilogram Kg Ton

3. Time

Time – defines how lengthy it bring away to do something.

Both the metric and English system uses the exact same units of measurement because that time.

Some that the usual units space as follows:

•second (s) – is the basic unit for time. One second is tantamount to a mite of a clock’s 2nd hand.

•minute (min) – is a unit identical to one transformation of the clock’s second hand or one mite of the clock’s long (minute) hand.

•hour (hr) – is a unit tantamount to one revolution of the clock’s long (minute) hand or one mite of the clock’s quick (hour) hand.


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A clock is a usual instrument because that indicating time. It shows the time in hours, minutes, and sometimes in seconds.

•day (d) – is a unit tantamount to two transformations of the clock’s short (hour) hand.

•week (wk) – is a unit tantamount to 7 days.

•month (mo) – is a unit identical to 30 days. The is typically used in determining the period of an infant or a infant animal.

•year (yr) – is a unit identical to 12 months. The is commonly used in identify the age of a person or an object.


Units of Time


Second s
minute min
hour hr
day d
week wk
month mo
year yr

4. Area

Area – describes how much surface is occupied by something.

The measurement for area provides the very same units the measurement for length. The only distinction is that the units are "squared" due to the fact that area is a product of 2 dimensions (usually length and also width, which provides the very same unit).

Some that the usual units space as follows:

•square centimeter (`cm^2` or sq. Cm) – is a metric unit indistinguishable to a square v sides 1 cm each. Typically used in measuring small areas such together chessboard.

•square foot (`ft^2` or sq. Ft) – is one English unit equivalent to a square v sides 1 ft each. Commonly used in measuring the floor or room area.

•square meter (`m^2` or sq. M) – is a metric unit equivalent to a square v sides 1 m each. Frequently used in measure up the area that a residential lot.

•acre – is an English unit supplied to measure land area such together farms and also amusement parks.

•hectare (ha) – is a metric unit equivalent to a square through sides 100 m each. Choose acre, that is mostly used in soil measurement.


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A football ar usually measures about 1 hectare.


5. Volume

Volume – explains how much room (or liquid) is lived in (or contained) by something. Comparable to area, volume also uses the units of length however the only difference is the the unit is “cubed”. Cubed devices are frequently used for volumes of an are while there are also units the volume dedicated for liquid measurements.

Some that the common units room as follows:

• milliliter (mL) – is a metric unit commonly used because that measuring tiny amounts of fluid such as perfume.

• cubic centimeters (`cm^3` or cc) – is a metric unit for volume (both an are and liquid) equivalent to a cube with sides 1 cm each. A cubic centimeter is equivalent to a milliliter.

• liquid ounce (fl oz) – is one English unit generally used for measuring liquids in party such as soft drinks.

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• cup – is an English unit equivalent to 8 liquid ounces. The is frequently used in measure ingredients for cooking and baking.