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You are watching: What is the affirmative tú command of leer?

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Spanish commands, otherwise recognized as imperatives, space verb develops used come directly deal with someone and give castle an order. Given their nature, regulates in Spanish are virtually always discovered in the familiar second person (tú, vosotros).

When creating a command, the verb has different conjugations relying on 3 factors:

informal or formalaffirmative (do something) or an adverse (don"t execute something)singular (giving the order to one person) or plural (more 보다 one person)

Informal Spanish commands - Affirmative & an unfavorable

Commands are virtually always discovered in the informal - or acquainted - type and are supplied when addressing friends, family, children, coworkers, etc.

Affirmative tú commands

The affirmative "tú" (you) command is relatively easy to learn, in the it is almost always identical to the 3rd person singular type of the Spanish present tense. Basically, you just drop the "-r" turn off the infinitive and voila! A command is born. The only exception comes right into play v verbs finishing in "-ir", in which situation the ending changes from an ns to an e. For example:

verb finishing infinitivecommandexample
-arhablar (to talk) hablaHabla conmigo. (Talk with me.)
-erleer (to read) leeLee el libro. (Read the book.)
-ircubrir (to cover) cubreCubre la olla. (Cover the pot.)

This is the case for most "regular" verbs, an interpretation verbs that typically follow the rules. There are several Spanish verbs, however, that have actually special forms when supplied as an affirmative tú command. Right here are a few commonly provided ones:

verbtú command (affirmative)example
decir(to say, to tell) diDime cuántos años tienes. (Tell me exactly how old you are.)
hacer(to do, come make) hazHaz la cama. (Make the bed.)
ir(to go) veVete. (Go away.)
poner(to put, to place) ponPonlo en mi habitación. (Put the in my room.)
salir(to walk out, to leave) salSal de aquí. (Get out of here.)
ser(to be) Sé un buen chico. (Be a an excellent boy.)
tener(to have) tenTen cuidado. (Be careful.)
venir (to come) venVen a mi casa. (Come to my house.)

Negative tú commands

To form a an unfavorable command (don"t do that, don"t run, etc.), the tú kind of the existing subjunctive is used.

Here room some instances of informal negative commands, utilizing the exact same verbs (hablar, leer and also cubrir) native earlier.

verb finishing infinitivetú command (negative)example
-arhablar (to talk) no hablesNo hables conmigo. (Don"t talk with me.)
-erleer (to read) no leasNo rental fees el libro. (Don"t read the book.)
-ircubrir (to cover) no cubrasNo cubras la olla. (Don"t cover the pot.)

Formal Spanish commands - Affirmative and an adverse

Formal commands, which are provided to it is in polite or refer respect towards the human being you room addressing, are created by making use of the 3rd person type (usted) the the current subjunctive. This uses to affirmative and an unfavorable formal commands. *** Learn exactly how to conjugate verbs right into the subjunctive: Spanish subjunctive

For example:

verb finishing infinitiveformal command (affirmative)formal command (negative)
-arhablar (to talk) Hable. (Talk.)No hable. (Don"t talk.)
-erleer (to read) Lea. (Read.)No lea. (Don"t read.)
-ircubrir (to cover) Cubra. (Cover.)No cubra. (Don"t cover.)

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