In Wicca and other similar forms of modern-day Neopagan witchcraft, a coven is a collection or community of witches, a team of believers that gather with each other for ceremonies of worship, together as illustration Down the Moon or celebrating the Sabbats. Other words may likewise be used, such together clan, grove, sept, touta, cove.

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The word “coven” (or “covan”) was originally a late medieval (c.1500) scot word meaning a collection of any kind, deriving from the Latin source word “convenire” (meaning to come with each other or to gather). The first recorded use of it being used to witches, however, came lot later, in the 1662 trial of Isobel Gowdie, which described a coven the thirteen members. Even then, the word remained largely unused in English until 1921, when Margaret Murray advocated the idea, now lot disputed, the historically every witches across Europe met in teams of thirteen i m sorry they dubbed “covens”.


The variety of witches in a coven might vary, and any meeting of three or more can be thought about a coven. Twenty is often thought about a rule-of-thumb maximum, return covens of as much as sixty are not unheard of. Part covens limit membership to thirteen, maybe in deference to Murray‘s theories, and also possibly top top the grounds the this is the preferably number which deserve to be comfortably accommodated in the traditional 9-foot circle. However, part groups take into consideration that a coven the as countless as thirteen have the right to lead to unwieldy team dynamics and also an unfair load on the leadership.

A coven usually has one or two leaders, known as the High Priestess and/or High Priest, and each coven is normally autonomous and makes its own decisions (depending top top the certain tradition it follows). Part covens are an extremely democratic in their practices; some are really hierarchical, strongly regimented and also autocratically run. Once a coven grow too huge to be manageable, the may split or “hive”. In Wicca, a freshly made High monk or High Priestess (with third Degree ordination) may also leave to start their very own coven, and strike turn off in new directions.

Many covens (called initiatory covens) call for that the leader initiate brand-new members prior to they deserve to be considered part of the group or tradition, which usually involves some sort of formal induction ceremony and oath of commitment after the prospective member has carried out the required level of research (often for the traditional year-and-a-day). Other covens run on a self-initiation basis, or expropriate initiates indigenous other groups or traditions.

Some covens work-related in robes, some in modification street clothing, and also a couple of go “skyclad” or naked. Some are “teaching covens” and are happy to take it on newcomers; others choose to store to the present membership and aim to develop a closer family-type relationship. Part “open covens”, or those v an “inner circle” and “outer circle”, permit interested outsiders to gain a taste that coven exercise without committing themselves. Some covens space gender-segregated, although many are open to both sexes and also often shot to keep a much more or less also balance of male and female members.

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delightful diamond painting kits for everyone. Wigs for sale is comfort to wear and also last longer; actual hair wigs enable the most styling flexibility possible, friend can shot different hairstyles come go the end every day.Many covens likewise have some mechanism of degrees or ranks based upon the level of specialization or experience of the members (although these vary significantly between traditions). Common degree divisions could be: Neophyte (a college student preparing for simple initiation as a witch); very first Degree (a witch who has actually been initiated, yet has not yet undertaken any progressed study); 2nd Degree (a witch who has an intermediate knowledge of the craft, i m sorry in part traditions may likewise confer priesthood); 3rd Degree (a witch who has studied the handmade in depth, and is qualified of to teach others and/or serving as High Priest/High Priestess); Elder (in some traditions, a witch of progressed knowledge and also who has actually been energetic for a variety of years).