Mesopotamia exist on the flood plain between two rivers, the Euphrates and the Tigris, as the name Mesopotamia, obtained from ancient Greek “between two rivers” suggests. Mesopotamia existed from around 5000 BC, believed to be the very first evidence that human society and ends through the rise of Achaemenid Persians approximately 1500 BC. A diverse, richly cultural civilization flourished up over number of thousand years and was shaped by plenty of ethnic groups.

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After around 3000 BC, several huge cities were constructed in Mesopotamia. Each city had actually its very own King and own God and was an elevation city state. The absence of a centralized government supposed there were frequent wars in between the states and this may have added to the fall of Mesopotamia.


The Mesopotamian solar calendar had actually two seasons, summer and winter. Each new Year started at the an initial visible lunar crescent, ~ the vernal equinox. Keen astronomers, the Mesopotamians taken the heliocentric design of planetary motion, learning that the earth revolves top top its own axis, and in turn, revolves around the sun.


Mesopotamia was situated on a huge flood plain and it built considerable man-made irrigation system that enabled it to flourish a surplus of food. Mesopotamia relied on the yearly flooding of the 2 rivers for fertility but the silt came to be an obstacle to its watering systems, which had hundreds of networks that watered the crops.


Mesopotamian religious beliefs was polytheistic, meaning there were many gods and goddesses, and henotheistic, definition that specific gods are perceived superior come others. In the latter Mesopotamian period, the people began ranking the divine beings in stimulate of importance. Every god has a priest, temple and also a traditional ritual and also there were hundreds of temples scattered throughout each city.


Mesopotamian society strata had three main classes; government officials, nobles and priests to be at the top; second was a class comprised that merchants, artisans, craftsmen and farmers; ~ above the bottom were the prisoners of war and also slaves. Commoners to be considered free citizens and also were protected by the law.


Mesopotamian artefacts reflected the lifestyle, customs and also beliefs of the people and also were normally made indigenous stone, shells, alabaster and also marble. The Mesopotamian human being comprises the Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian social influences and also the art mirrors this.


Mesopotamian palaces were extremely decorated and also contained solid cream color furniture. Palaces served as socioeconomic institutions and in later times were used as storehouses, workshops and shrines. Everyone in Mesopotamia resided in a house; smaller ones because that the poorer people and larger two- story homes for the an ext wealthy. Dwellings were built from dirt bricks, plaster and also wood.

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