caricature map

caricature or serio-comic maps: this maps use exaggerated illustrations, turning geographic locations into pictures, to send a details message or produce an intended feeling in the viewer. Caricature maps have frequently been provided to make a statement on international relations.

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cartographer: A cartographer is a mapmaker.

census: A census is a count of a population. The structure of the joined States calls for that all the people in the country are counting every ten years, and also it’s to be happening since 1790.

Census Bureau: This is the branch that the unified States government responsible because that counting the population of the nation every ten years and making that information obtainable to the public and also other governmental agencies.


choropleth map
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choropleth map

choropleth map: This type of map reflects information around where there is more or much less of something by making use of a selection of color in different areas.

color: shade is very important come mapmakers, and they are very intentional about it. The choice of shade to display locations, amounts, and in a map’s overall style has a lot of to perform with just how we recognize a map’s story. Part colors feel an extremely dramatic while rather feel very subtle because colors convey emotions.


compass
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compass

compass: A compass ~ above a map, sometimes dubbed a compass rose, is a symbol that helps us number out which method the map is pointing, or what direction is in ~ the top and bottom the the map, etc. Often the just direction labeling or indicated is north, and we have to figure out the rest ourselves. Phibìc is NOT always at the top!

date: discovering when a map to be made and also when the info used to make it was gathered is key to knowledge what it is informing the viewer and also how trusted it is.


distortion
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distortion

distortion: since there is no means to take the fullness the the world and also capture everything around it in a map, over there is no map that is fully accurate. All maps room distorted, mirroring a twist on reality rather of what the human being is yes, really like.

generalization: A map that mirrors every detail of the physical people would have to be as big as the planet itself! for this reason maps generalize—they shrink and stretch the world or components of the civilization to different sizes, focusing on various things. They leave some points out and emphasize others. This is referred to as the procedure of generalization.

geographic info systems (GIS): GIS mapping is any kind of kind of mapmaking that takes information and turns it right into a map utilizing a computer program or application. The details (data) is most often built up into a spreadsheet, and then the computer system application creates a map-based visualization (a picture) out of it so we can see the information linked to places.

geospatial data: To do maps that display information, we need information around where points are, not just what points there space or how many over there are. Geospatial data is information linked to location.

illustrations: Mapmakers occasionally put photos on your maps to assist tell your stories. Occasionally the illustrations assist us number out what the map is about, and sometimes they help us watch something about the worths of the mapmaker. Part maps are taken into consideration to be functions of art since of your illustrations.


legend
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legend

key or legend: A map key, also called a legend, is the part of a map that describes what the symbols, colour or password on a map mean. It helps us make feeling of the map. On larger maps the crucial or legend may be referred to as the explanation or reference.

projection: The process of mirroring the round world on a level surface is referred to as a projection. The is impossible to display round, three-dimensional planet on a flat map without some sort of distortion. Some locations might gain stretched or squished. There could be some gaps. Part distances can seem off. Yet that doesn’t mean a map is wrong. It’s just the nature of projections, and there are plenty of different kinds.

purpose: A map viewer trying to recognize a map requirements to shot and determine the map’s purpose. Just how did the mapmaker think the map would certainly be used? Is the purpose of the map to game a well-off map collector? Is the purpose of the map come correct historic maps that leave out proof of wherein Native people lived? Is the purpose of the map to inform school officials around what college bus courses are also long? even maps the seem to be straightforward without lot of a story behind them have an plan purpose. To have the ability to evaluate a map for ourselves, we have actually to take into consideration what us think its purpose is.


range
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scale

scale/size: occasionally a cartographer will placed a scale on a map to assist us understand how big the area is that we’re feather at. It could look prefer a ruler or a ratio. Yet the idea of scale in mapping is an ext than simply a helpful tool top top a map. Scale is the size of the area top top a map in comparison to the genuine world. World maps the fit ~ above a table or a computer screen have to be very little compared come the initial thing, so we call them small-scale maps. They display very large areas. The map of a city block is referred to as a large map, and it shows a smaller sized area v greater detail (even though it’s still smaller sized than in actual life!). Mapmakers also adjust the size of symbols and words come emphasize particular things and also hide others. Paying fist to the size of points on a map deserve to tell you a lot around its purpose and also what the mapmakers desires you come think about.


icons
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signs

symbol: Mapmakers use symbols on maps to was standing in for all kinds the information. Physics features might be displayed with present standing in because that roads and dots because that cities. The means land is used can be significant with small pictures the pine tree or tents to display national parks. A map around current events could use arrows to present the routes of human being migration from place to place. Frequently there will certainly be a an essential or legend to explain the symbols, yet not always.

symbology: The means cartographers pick to show the information on your maps is referred to as symbology. It includes what signs they use and what dimension they are. It additionally includes their choices of shade for different purposes.


text
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location
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location

title: prefer the title on a news article, a map’s title tells you what the mapmaker desires you come think the map is about. It might tell you the area a map covers, prefer a map titled “Massachusetts.” Or it might tell you much more about the map’s story, like a map titled “Children and also Playgrounds in Boston.” constantly check the location to see what the intention of the mapmaker is.

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visualization: A map is a type of visualization (a picture) that a actual thing, our world. But since our people is so many different things to so plenty of different people, there are boundless ways to visualize it. Like graphs and diagrams, maps space a method to take some information and present it visually—though over there are maps made of sound and maps made for people who know things by touch rather of sight.