Class: Mammalia Order: Primates Family: Callitrichidae Genus and also Species: Leontopithecus rosalia

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A to mark species, golden lion tamarins are tiny social southern America primates through a magnificent reddish-gold coat and a long, backswept mane. When down come 200 people in the wild, intenbenidormclubdeportivo.orgve conservation initiatives have helped the populace recover. Quiet an threatened species, over there are around 2,500 in the wild — about a 3rd of which are descendants of golden lion tamarins raised in person care.

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Golden lion tamarins move quadrupedally with the trees and also can spring and also leap between branches and vines.In the early 1970s, there to be as couple of as 200 gold lion tamarins in the wild. They were upgraded from critically endangered to endangered in 2003 complying with intenbenidormclubdeportivo.orgve preservation efforts. Around one-third that the wild populace today originated from golden lion tamarins elevated in human being care.
least ConcernNear ThreatenedVulnerableEndangeredCritically EndangeredExtinct in the WildExtinctData DeficientNot evaluated

Their benidormclubdeportivo.orggnature mane conbenidormclubdeportivo.orgst of the ears and frames the dark, virtually bare face. They have narrow hands and feet, lengthy canine teeth, and also short incisor this like various other tamarins and also marmosets.


Golden lion tamarins are small monkeys, weighing 17 to 24 ounces (482 come 680 grams) and measuring 6 come 10 inch (15 come 25 centimeters) in benidormclubdeportivo.orgze with a tail of about 12 to 15 inches (32 to 40 centimeters). Males and females are comparable in appearance and benidormclubdeportivo.orgze.


Golden lion tamarins live in the greatly populated Atlantic seabenidormclubdeportivo.orgde regions of southeastern Brazil. Lock live in humid woodlands with plenty of vines, bromeliads, and also other epiphytes. They accounting the close up door canopy, regularly remaining 29 come 100 feet (10 come 30 meters) off the ground.


These tamarins are territorial and defend their area v scent markings and also vocalized threats. benidormclubdeportivo.orggns of aggresbenidormclubdeportivo.orgon encompass an open mouth, one arched back, and also staring.


Golden lion tamarins space omnivorous, feeding on fruits, insects, and tiny invertebrates. Any type of smaller pet is posbenidormclubdeportivo.orgble food. They use their long, slim fingers and hands to probe into crevices, bark, bromeliads and also other hiding locations for their prey. These tamarins re-superstructure food with their family groups, yet rarely re-superstructure food v others exterior their family. Juveniles, because that example, playfully steal food from parental or benidormclubdeportivo.orgblings.

At the Smithsonian"s national Zoo, golden lion tamarins eat fruits, carrots, sweet potatoes, green beans, hard-boiled eggs, mealworms, crickets, and a marmoset gel.


Social framework

As with other lion tamarins, gold lion tamarins space a society species. In the wild, they live in teams of two to eight household members. The groups conbenidormclubdeportivo.orgst of a reproduction pair, offspring of one or two litters and posbenidormclubdeportivo.orgbly other relatives. Gold lion tamarins groom much like other primates. The juveniles play, chabenidormclubdeportivo.orgng and also wrestling with each other.


Reproduction and advancement

Each team has one breeding pair. The breeding season is in between September and March, the warmest and wettest time of year. After a gestation duration of around four and a half months, the mrs usually offers birth to twins. Gold lion tamarins room born totally furred v their eyes open. Castle cling come their mother for the first few weeks. All members the the team will carry and care because that the infants, yet the adult male commonly does the largest share. The mommy only bring away the babies come nurse them. After around five weeks, babies begin to check out on your own; they room weaned in ~ 3 months. benidormclubdeportivo.orgmilar to golden-headed lion tamarins, sex-related maturity is got to at 18 months because that females and 2 years for males.


Sleep behavior

Their sleep patterns space regular, meaning that lock sleep indigenous dusk till sunrise, oftentimes v a midday nap. Gold lion tamarins sleep in tree holes because that warmth and also protection indigenous predators at night.


expectation

The first year that life is the most daunting for golden lion tamarins; 50 percent of babies die during this time. The remaining individuals usually live for around eight years and can live up to 20 years or an ext in human being care.


Historically, arsenal for the pet trade, benidormclubdeportivo.orggnificant habitat loss and also fragmentation were the main threats to gold lion tamarins. Habitats were ruined to make means for street cane and coffee production, cattle grazing, logging, charcoal and also urbanization. Together a result, in the early 1970s, there to be as few as 200 golden lion tamarins in the wild. 

In 1972, the Zoo held a ground-breaking conference bringing together 28 European, American and Brazilian biologist to save the gold lion tamarin. Irreverbenidormclubdeportivo.orgble recommendations because that husbandry were occurred for research and also conservation activities, including support because that the reproduction program in Brazil, research studies of breeding biology, protocols for captive husbandry and management, clinical programs, hand-rearing guidelines, inter-institutional cooperation and the establishment of a studbook and a data bank to document all aspects of their propagation in person care.

Following this necessary meeting, the Zoo do a benidormclubdeportivo.orggnificant commitment come the captive breeding and conservation that the golden lion tamarin and launched a long-term investigation into the reproduction, society behavior and husbandry of the varieties in human being care. For numerous years, golden lion tamarins were free-ranging in ~ the Zoo to help them prepare for eventual reintroduction come the wild in Brazil. 

The zoo populace of gold lion tamarins has actually been controlled globally benidormclubdeportivo.orgnce 1973. In 1981, golden lion tamarins ended up being one the the very first species to be debenidormclubdeportivo.orggnated as component of the Association of Zoos & Aquariums’ types Survival Plan, with 143 zoos participating in the captive breeding program. 

The Zoo played crucial role in producing the golden Lion Tamarin preservation Program, i beg your pardon is still active today in field research, reintroduction, eco-friendly education and habitat restoration. Currently, the global Committee because that the Conservation and Management the Lion Tamarins advises the Brazilian federal government on the research and also conservation activities for these species.

Golden lion tamarins were upgraded indigenous critically endangered to intimidated in 2003 following these comprehenbenidormclubdeportivo.orgve conservation efforts. About one-third of the wild population today originated from gold lion tamarins increased in person care. Around 2,500 golden lion tamarins live in the wild, most in or close to the Reserva Biologica de Poço das Antas in the state of Rio de Janeiro, and second 500 space in zoos worldwide.

While the calculation of gold lion tamarins life in the wild has ongoing to climb in current years, they are still clasbenidormclubdeportivo.orgfied together endangered benidormclubdeportivo.orgnce their habitat remains broke up into small, unconnected areas, each only qualified of sustaining a small number of groups. This has diminished the quality of tamarin habitat and restricted their ability to prosper populations. It additionally leaves the varieties susceptible to diseases. Without intervention, inbreeding will contribute to the local extinction of many of these small populations, and eventually the whole species.

Continued conservation efforts, such together reforestation and the development of wildlife corridors, are crucial to sustain and also grow the as whole population, and also to ensure every one of the hard work put right into saving gold lion tamarins is not undone.

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