Most of Mexico is over 1000 m (about 3300 ft) in elevation; as a result most that Mexico has a more temperate climate than might be expected offered its latitude.

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The famous explorer Alexander von Humboldt, one of the establishing fathers of physics geography and meteorology, to be the very first to describe the upright differentiation the climatic and vegetation area in Mexico. Writing in 1811, the proposed the terms tierra caliente, tierra templada, and tierra fría, tho widely supplied by non-specialists today.

Tierra caliente (hot land) includes all areas under about 900 m (3000 ft). These areas generally have a mean annual temperature over 25°C (77°F). Their organic vegetation is commonly either tropic evergreen or tropic deciduous forest. Farms create tropical plants such together sugar-cane, cacao and bananas.


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Tierra templada (temperate land) is the area between 900 and also 1800 m (3000 come 6000 ft) wherein mean yearly temperatures space usually between around 18°C and 25°C (64°F to 77°F). The herbal vegetation in these zones is warm forest, such together oak and also pine-oak forest. Farms grow plants such together corn (maize), beans, squash, wheat and coffee.

Tierra fria (cold land) is end 1800 m (6000 ft) where mean yearly temperatures space in the range 13°–18°C (55°–64°F). At these altitudes pine and pine-fir woodlands are common. Farm crops include barley and also potatoes. On the highest mountain tops, over the tierra fría is tierra helada, frosty land.

Even higher, and virtually permanently under snow and ice, is the tierra nevada, snow-covered land.

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Posted by Tony Burton in ~ 9:35 amTagged with: climate, Humboldt, relief

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