Alliteration: repeat of initial or medial consonants in 2 or more adjacent words. Recurring consonant sound at the beginning of words is called initial alliteration. Recurring consonant sound in the center or at the end of words is called internal alliteration. Repetition of vowel sounds is dubbed assonance. Consonance is a repetition of consonant sounds. Example: A sable, silent, solemn woodland stood (James Thomson, "The castle of Indolence").

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Allegory: a rigid in which every (or most) of the events, locales, and also characters exchange mail systematically come the events and characters in a fully different context. Some fancy allegories deserve to have numerous sets of dong simultaneously. The contexts in ~ which the correspondences operate can incorporate religious, moral, political, personal, or satiric.

Allusion: a reference, there is no explicit identification, to a person, place, or event, or to an additional literary occupational or passage; typical examples room Biblical and also classical allusions. Example: "A Daniel concerned judgement" (Shakespeare, The seller of Venice).

Antimetabole: repeat of very same words in succeeding clauses in turning back grammatical order. Example: One should eat to live, no live come eat (Molière, L"Avare).

Apostrophe: address to a human being (real or non-existent) or abstract quality not literally listening Example: Milton ! thou should be living at this hour (Wordsworth).

Assonance: repetition of similar vowel sounds, preceded and also followed by different consonants, in the emphasize syllables of surrounding words (similar to alliteration). Example: an old, mad, blind, despised, and also dying king (Shelley, "Sonnet: England in 1819").

Chiasmus: reversal of grammatical frameworks in succeeding clauses, but does no repeat the native (X, "the criss-cross"). Example: By job the frolic, and the dance by night (Samuel Johnson, "The Vanity of human being Wishes").

Consonance: repeat of identical consonant sound with various vowel sounds in adjacent words. Example: ns heard the pitter patter of tiny feet.

Diction: describes the poet"s choice of words in a poem. Words differ in their levels of abstraction, and also we deserve to speak of words together being concrete or abstract . Words additionally vary in your formality, and some genres, such as epic and tragedy, speak to for usage of elevated rather than colloquial or plain language. Words additionally have specific or direct meanings (denotations), as well as implied meanings (connotations) linked with your use. Connotations and denotations the words can vary in definition historically and geographically.

Epic: is a long, narrative city whose hero is a noble person, upon who actions hinge the fate the a country or a people. Conseqently, epics tend to be of national or even of cosmic importance. The diction the the poem often tends to it is in formal, elevated, and decorous. The setup of the epic is expansive and even global, as the hero embarks top top journeys the take ar over numerous years, regularly decades. The gods, described as the epic machinery, room interested in and take one active part in shaping the events of the epic. Number of epic conventions include the poet"s invocation that the muse, a beginning in medias res (in the center of things), epic battles (sometimes referred as epic games), catalogues (of ships, warriors, horses, etc), distribution of collection speeches, arming of the warrior, performance of rituals, and (frequently) transmogrification of a dead hero to the celestial sphere.

Figurative language: occurs whenever a poet uses words in ways that deviate from their usual meaning.

Hyperbole: the use of exaggeration or overstatement because that heightened effect.

Imagery : collectively, the photos (figurative or literal) that a literary work; when picture stands because that two points (rose = "flower" and "love"), it i do not care a metaphor, simile, etc.; when it suggests facility or multiple definitions (rose = "flower," "love," "young women," "beauty," and also "fragility"), it i do not care a symbol.

Irony: use of a word in such a method as come convey a meaning opposite to the literal definition of the word. Verbal irony occurs when the really words offered are ironic. Dramatic irony occurs from the situation. Cosmic irony occurs when an outside force, such as fate, seems to be operating despite the finest efforts or intentions the the speak or a character. Example: because that Brutus is one honourable man;/ So space they all, honourable males (Shakespeare, Julius Caesar).

Litotes: deliberate usage of understatement. Example: The grave"s a fine and private place,/ but none, ns think, perform there adopt (Andrew Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress").

Metaphor: include comparison between two points of uneven nature. Example: Umbrellas clothe the coast in every hue (Elizabeth Bishop).

Metonymy: substitution of part attributive or suggestive word because that what is meant. Example: come speak of the monarch together "the crown".

Onomatapoeia: use of words whose sound echoes the sense. Example: A talk twitter every they had to song (Robert Frost, "Our singing Strength").

Oxymoron: the yoking of two terms which are ordinarily contradictory. Example: Why then, O brawling love! O love hate! (Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet).

Paradox: the assertion of an evident contradiction. Example: For once I am weak, then i am solid (2 Corinthians).

Parallelism: similarity in framework in a pair or collection of connected words, phrases, or clauses. Example: ns came, i saw, I conquered (Caesar).

Parenthesis: insertion of some verbal unit in a position that interrupts the common syntactical circulation of the sentence.

Personification: investing abstractions for inanimate objects through human attributes or abilities. Example: The ground thirsts because that rain.

Pun: a play on words. Example: Your dispute is sound, nothing yet sound (Benjamin Franklin).

Rhetorical Question: a inquiry asked no for the purpose of eliciting a response, yet for the objective of asserting or denying other obliquely.

Simile: explicit comparison, utilizing "like" or "as", between two points of uneven nature. Example: Float like a butterfly, sting like a punishment (Muhammed Ali).

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Symbol: something i m sorry is chin and also stands for or represents something else by virtue of combination or convention; prolonged or archetypal image.

Synecdoche: a component (one which is crucial to whole or come the expertise of the subject under discussion) which stands for the whole. example : all hands on deck.