Medically the review by william Morrison, M.D. — created by Natalie Phillips — to update on September 17, 2018

Tendon fix is surgical procedure done come treat a take it or otherwise damaged tendon. Tendons are the soft, band-like tissues that attach muscles come bone. As soon as the muscle contract, the tendons traction the bones and cause the joints come move.

You are watching: The surgical repair of a tendon and a muscle is called

When tendon damage occurs, movement might be serious limited. The damaged area may feel weak or painful.

Tendon repair surgery might be advantageous for world who have tendon injuries that space making it challenging for castle to relocate a share or are really painful.


Tendon repair is excellent to bring back normal activity to a joint. Tendon injury might occur anywhere in the body where there room tendons. The joints that are many commonly influenced by tendon injuries are the shoulders, elbows, ankles, knees, and fingers.

A tendon injury may occur from a laceration (cut) that goes past the skin and also through the tendon. A tendon injury is additionally common from contact sports injuries such together football, wrestling, and also rugby.

According come the American Academy the Orthopedic Surgeons, “jersey finger” is one of the most common sports injuries affecting the tendons. It may happen when one player bring away the jersey of one more player and also gets your finger caught on the jersey. When the other player moves, the finger is pulled, and in rotate the tendon is pulled turn off the bone.

Tendon damage can also occur in rheumatoid arthritis, one inflammatory disease of the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis can involve the tendons, bring about them come tear.


Generally, during tendon repair a operated doctor will:

make one or much more small incisions (cuts) in the skin end the damaged tendonsew the torn ends of the tendon togethercheck the bordering tissue to make sure no various other injuries have occurred, such as injury to the blood ship or nervesclose the incisioncover the area through sterile bandages or dressingsimmobilize or splint the share so as to permit the tendon to heal

If over there isn’t enough healthy tendon to reconnect, the surgeon might perform a tendon graft using a item of tendon indigenous another component of the body. It might be indigenous the foot or toe, because that example. On occasion, a tendon carry (moving a tendon from one area to another) may be valuable in restoring function.

Anesthesia (pain medication) is used during tendon fix to stop the patience from emotion pain throughout the surgery.

The varieties of anesthesia are:

Local anesthesia. The area whereby the surgical treatment is to be performed is numbed and also pain-free.Regional anesthesia. The neighboring area and the area whereby the surgical procedure is to be performed is numbed and also pain-free.General anesthesia. The patience is unconscious (asleep) and also unable to feeling pain.

Risks linked with tendon repair include:

scar tissue, i beg your pardon may form and protect against the joints from moving smoothlysome loss of share usere-tearing the the tendon

Risks for anesthesia incorporate reaction to medication such as challenge breathing, rash, or itching. Dangers for surgery in general incorporate bleeding and also infection.


Tendon repairs space usually excellent on one outpatient basis. This method the patient can go home after the surgery. If the patience does stay in the hospital, it’s usually for a short duration of time.

Healing can take approximately 12 weeks. The injured tendon may need come be supported with a rail or cast to take stress off the the repaired tendon.

Physical therapy or work therapy is usually vital to return motion in a safe manner. Expect activity to return gradually, v some stiffness.

You may need therapy after the surgical procedure to minimize scar tissue. Too much scar tissue can make it complicated to relocate the damaged tendon.


Tendon repairs deserve to be an extremely successful if they’re done along with proper physical treatment or occupational therapy. As a basic rule, the sooner tendon repair surgical treatment is done after the injury, the simpler the surgical procedure is and also the less complicated the recovery.

In some cases, permanent complications may develop. Stiffness may be long-lasting. Part tendon injuries, such together injuries come the flexor tendon in the arm, have the right to be very challenging to repair.

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Before surgery, talk about potential outcomes v your medical professional so the you have a realistic watch of your individual outlook.


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Medically reviewed by wilhelm Morrison, M.D. — written by Natalie Phillips — updated on September 17, 2018