Which type of cartilage covers and also protects the end of skeletal at freely moveable joints?A. Elastic cartilageB. FibrocartilageC. Hyaline cartilageD. Both hyaline and also elastic cartilage
Hyaline cartilage consists the end of lengthy bones as articular cartilage, offering springy pads the absorb compression in ~ joints.

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Hyaline cartilage ________. A. Is the rarest the the skeletal cartilagesB. Develops "shock-absorbing" pads between the vertebraeC. Provides shape to the outside earD. Is found on the ends of skeletal that type movable joints
Hyaline cartilage is found on the ends of skeleton that form movable joints, whereby it is referred to as articular cartilage.
When chondrocytes in lacunae division and form new matrix, it leads to an development of the cartilage tissue from within. This process is dubbed ________.A. Interstitial growthB.hematopoiesisC.appositional growthD.calcification
Interstitial growth occurs once chondrocytes division and type new matrix, thereby expanding the cartilage tissue from within. (Note: the word inter means between, and stitial method space; this are common roots because that anatomical terms.)
Choose the FALSE statement. A.The sternum is an example of a level bone. B. Rarely often, rarely bones incorporate the vertebrae and also hip bones. C.Long bones encompass all limb bones other than the patella.D.Sesamoid bones type within specific tendons.
The main function of the appendicular skeleton requires locomotion; that also allows us to manipulate ours environment. The axial skeleton is mostly affiliated in supporting other body parts and also protecting crucial organs.
Hematopoiesis is a term because that which of the following physiological processes?A.blood cell development B.bone formation throughout growth C.release of minerals right into the blood D.energy storage in fat tissue
Red bone marrow discovered within particular regions of spongy bone is the site of blood cell formation from the differentiation the hematopoietic stem cells.
Bones carry out NOT have a function in ________. A. Blood cell development B.supportC. Movement D. Glycogen production E. Fat storage
Glycogen manufacturing (glycogenesis) is not a role of bone; the takes location primarily in muscle and liver cells.
Dense connective organization forms component of i m sorry labeled component of the adult long bone in the figure? A.B.C.D.
The external membrane of bone, the perisosteum, contains a fibrous outer layer composed of thick irregular connective tissue.
In i beg your pardon of the labeled components of the adult lengthy bone would certainly hematopoietic tissue be located? A.B.C.D.
Hematopoietic tissue is discovered in the spaces within the red bone marrow found within details body locations consisting the spongy bone. Examples encompass the diploe of flat bones and the proximal epiphyses of the femur and also humerus (pictured).
The shown osteocyte is situated within layers of bony procession termed ______. A. CanaliculiB.lacunaC.lamellaeD.periosteum
The shown blood vessels and also nerve are found within a ______. A. Perforating (Volkmann"s) canal B. Main (Haversian) canal C. Marrow cavity D.caniculus
Osteocytes are linked to each other through which structure? A. Haversian canal B. Volksmann"s canal C. Lacuna D.canaliculi
Cytoplasmic expansions of osteocytes kind contacts in ~ hairlike canals, termed canaliculi, in ~ the lamellae. Сanaliculi allow for communication and exchange that materials in between osteocytes.
Which of the complying with substances is not a ingredient of the osteoid product secreted by the cells indicated by the arrow in panel A? https://session.masteringaandp.com/problemAsset/1426334/2/MariebHAP9_ch06-03_artquest.jpgA.calciumB.proteoglycanC.collagenD. Glycoprotein
Calcium is an inorganic component the the bone matrix and is deposited from the interstitial fluids. The necessary osteoid secreted through bone-forming cell is created of proteoglycans, glycoproteins, and also collagen.
What bone-associated framework in panel C is shown by the arrow? https://session.masteringaandp.com/problemAsset/1426335/3/MariebHAP9_ch06-03_artquest.jpgA.osteonB.epiphyseal plate C.periosteumD.trabeculae
Osteoblasts are the bone-forming cell that develop the essential bone matrix, the osteoid. Mature bone is produced once the inorganic matrix forms approximately the cells and also collagen fibers of the organic matrix.
The structure unit of compact bone is the osteon, an elongated cylinder oriented parallel to the lengthy axis that the bone.
A trochanter is a bone projection. All of the various other choices listed are categorized as depressions or openings.
In adults, yellow marrow is situated ________. A. In the central canals the osteons B. Mainly in level bones C. In the medullary cavity of lengthy bones D. In the epiphyseal plates of long bones
Which description of bone cell is INCORRECT? A. Osteoclasts secrete digestive enzymes and also hydrogen ions. B. Osteogenic cell can distinguish into osteoclasts. C. Bone lining cell on the interior surfaces that bone are also called endosteal cells. D. Osteoblasts secrete collagen and also calcium-binding proteins.
Osteoclasts are derived from the exact same hematopoietic stem cells that distinguish into macrophages; they are not obtained from osteogenic cells.
In adults, hematopoietic organization is NOT found in ________. A. The flat bones the the skull and also sternum B. The medullary cavity of lengthy bones C. The i know good bones and vertebrae D. The heads of the femur and also humerus
In infants, however not adults, red marrow (hematopoietic tissue) is discovered in the medullary cavity of long bones.
The osteon is ________. A. A fibrous membrane the covers and protects bone B. The structure unit of spongy bone C. The structural unit the compact bone D. A network that red marrow
The notable hardness the bone is attributed come ________. A. The visibility of proteoglycans B. The presence of glycoproteins C. The existence of cartilage D. The existence of not natural hydroxyapatites E. The visibility of collagen fibers
The superior hardness of bone, which enables it to stand up to compression, is attributed come the presence of mineral salts called hydroxyapatites. The hydroxyapatites, mainly calcium phosphates, kind the not natural matrix that bone.
The epiphyseal bowl is ________. A. The long axis the a bone B. Where lengthy bone lengthening wake up C. Whereby yellow bone marrow is created D. The site of red bone marrow production
Long skeletal elongate from growth at the epiphyseal plate, a class of hyaline cartilage between the epiphyses and also diaphysis of lengthy bones.
The above figure depicts i m sorry of the complying with bone-forming processes? https://session.masteringaandp.com/problemAsset/1426331/2/MariebHAP9_ch06-03_artquest.jpgA. Bone remodeling in solution to transforms in mechanical stress and anxiety B. Bone fix at a website of fracture C. Intramembranous ossification during embryonic advancement D. Endochondral ossification throughout bone formation and growth
The number illustrates the formation of new bones within a fibrous membrane ("intramembranous") throughout embryonic development.
The cells suggested by the arrowhead at the facility of panel A arise native the differentiation of whttps://session.masteringaandp.com/problemAsset/1426333/2/MariebHAP9_ch06-03_artquest.jpghich precursor stem cell? A. Mesenchymal cells B. Adipose cell C. Osteocytes D. Chondroblasts
Mesenchymal cells space stem cell that identify into the matrix-forming cell of the miscellaneous connective tissues, including the osteoblasts that type bone.
A step in which bone-forming process is displayed in the figure? https://session.masteringaandp.com/problemAsset/1426337/2/MariebHAP9_ch06-04A_artquest.jpgA. Endochondral ossification B. Intramembrounous ossification C. Bone remodeling D. Bone fracture repair
A action in what bone forming procedure is shown in the figure? A. Intramembranous ossification B. Bone remodeling C. Bone fracture fix D. Endochondral ossification
The structure suggested by the arrowhead is composed generally of what material? https://session.masteringaandp.com/problemAsset/1426342/2/MariebHAP9_ch06-04B_artquest.jpgA. Thick connective organization B. Hyaline cartilage C. Fibrocartilage D. Compact bone
The cartilage models provided to type bones room composed that hyaline cartilage. This tissue persists within the epiphyseal plate at the boundary in between primary and second ossification centers.
During bone growth, which event is most far-reaching at the surface indicated by the letter A? https://session.masteringaandp.com/problemAsset/1426343/2/MariebHAP9_ch06-05_artquest.jpgA. Growth of the cartilage matrix B.conversionof bone right into cartilage C. Expansion of articular cartilage D. Counter of cartilage right into bone
The development of the matrix results in the pushing of the epiphysis away from the diaphysis. This leader to the lengthening of the bone by interstitial growth.
During bone growth, which event is most significant at the surface indicated by the letter B? A. Development of compact bone. B. Cell department of chondrocytes C. Conversion of bone right into cartilage D. Calcification the the cartilage matrix
During bone growth, which significant event wake up at the surface suggested by the letter C? https://session.masteringaandp.com/problemAsset/1426345/2/MariebHAP9_ch06-05_artquest.jpgA. Bone resorption B. Counter of spongy bone come compact bone C. Expansion of the articular cartilage D. Appositional growth
Growth in width entails the including of layers of lamellar (compact) bone follow me the bone"s outer surface. This procedure of growth by "layering" is termed appositional growth and is distinct from development by expansion of the inner matrix (interstitial growth).
During bone growth, which far-reaching event wake up at the surface suggested by the letter D? A. Manufacturing of hyaline cartilage B. Bone resorption C. Interstitial expansion D. Production of compact bone
As the bone widens, the procession at the endosteal surface is resorbed to keep the appropriate thickness of the walls neighboring the medullary cavity.
What is endochondral ossification? A. The development of bone from pre-existing elastic cartilage models B. The development of bone from fibrous membranes C. The formation of bone from pre-existing hyaline cartilage models D. The formation of bone from pre-existing fibrocartilage models
Endochondral ossification is the formation of bone from hyaline cartilage models. The hyaline cartilage have to be damaged down and replaced through the bone tissue.
During infancy and also childhood, the most vital stimulus the epiphyseal plate task is ________. A. Testosterone B. Development hormone C. Estrogen D. The thyroid hormones
During infancy and also childhood the single most vital stimulus because that bone expansion is development hormone. It straight stimulates growth of the hyaline cartilage that develops the epiphyseal key in lengthy bones, causing the bones to lengthen.
Hypercalcemia have the right to be brought about by_________. A. Poor vitamin D level in the body B. Hypersecretion of parathyroid hormone C. Lessened parafollicular cell task D. Every one of the detailed responses space correct.
What is the last stage in the healing of a bone fracture? A. Development of a fibrocartilaginous callus B. Bone remodeling C. Development of a bony callus D. Formation of a hematoma
In order, here are the step of bone fracture healing: (1) development of a hematoma, (2) formation of a fibrocartilaginous callus, (3) formation of a bony callus, and also (4) bone remodeling.
Which the the complying with is unlikely to affect bone remodeling? A. Low blood Ca2+ concentration B. Glucagon C. Mechanical tension D. Parathyroid hormone
Glucagon"s main action is to increase blood glucose levels by triggering the break down of glycogen in the liver; the does not affect bone remodeling.
Which of the adhering to is properly matched? A. Straight fracture: the rest is perpendicular come the bone"s lengthy axis B. Nondisplaced fracture: the broken bone ends space misaligned C. Link fracture: the broken bone ends pass through the skin D. Incomplete fracture: the bone is damaged through
In a compound (open) fracture the fractured bone ends penetrate the skin. Such open injuries carry a higher risk that infection.
The correct order (from start to finish) of fracture fix is ________. A. Bony callus formation, hematoma formation, fibrocartilaginous callus formation, and bone remodeling B. Hematoma formation, bony callus formation, bone remodeling, and fibrocartilaginous callus development C. Bone remodeling, hematoma formation, fibrocartilaginous callus formation, and also bony callus development D. Hematoma formation, fibrocartilaginous callus formation, bony callus formation, and also bone remodeling
From start to finish, a fracture is repaired by: (1) formation of a hematoma, (2) development of a fibrocartilaginous callus, (3) development of a bony callus, and (4) bone remodeling. Usage the pneumonic HFBR (His Femur much better Repair!) to help you psychic the order. H = hematoma, F = fibrocartilaginous callus, B = bony callus, R = remodeling.
Which of the following refers come a bone disorder discovered most regularly in the aged and also resulting in the bones becoming porous and light? A. Osteomalacia B. Osteoporosis C.ricketsD. Paget"s disease
Osteoporosis ad to groups of illness in i beg your pardon bone resorption outpaces bone deposit. The bones come to be fragile and easily fractured. The ingredient of the matrix continues to be normal, yet bone massive declines, and the bones end up being porous and also light.

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Choose the exactly pairing. A. Rickets: deficiency that vitaminB. Osteomalacia: extreme mineralization that the bone C. Paget"s disease: excessive and also haphazard bone deposition and resorption D. Osteoporosis: raised bone density
Skeletal cartilage is generally WATER. (matrix the cartilage has actually lots the water) -This allows it to resist COMPRESSION.
Which bones cartilage:-Provides support, flexibility, and resilience-only consists of collagen fibers-include articular, costal, respiratory, and nasal cartilages
Which bones cartilage:-contains elastic fibers-maintains shape-allows great flexibility-is in exterior ear and also epiglottis
Which skeleton cartilage:-thick collagen fibers (great tensile strength)-menisci the knee-vertebral discs-pubic symphysis
Skeletal cartilage have actually no __________, no ____________ ______________ -surrounded by ___________________ (membrane) -Layer that "_____________ _______________" connective tissue neighboring cartilage -Source the "____________ ____________ ___________________ ________________" by diffusion come cartilage cells" (nutrients room diffused native here)FUNCTIONS: ____________ & _____________, ________________ ____________ _______________ _____________, & _______________________ _______________
Skeletal cartilage have actually no NERVES, no BLOOD VESSELS-surrounded by PERICHONDRIUM (membrane) -Layer the "DENSE IRREGULAR" connective tissue bordering cartilage -Source the "BLOOD VESSELS providing NUTRIENTS" by diffusion come cartilage cells" (nutrients room diffused indigenous here)FUNCTIONS: support & PROTECTION, CUSHIONING SHOCK in between BONES, & CONNECTING TISSUES
GROWTH of CARTILAGE:-growth indigenous the exterior -Cells secrete brand-new matrix against external challenge of present cartilage
GROWTH of CARTILAGE:-growth native the within - Chondrocytes divide and also secrete new matrix "expanding cartilage indigenous within"
GROWTH that CARTILAGE:-Hardens (due to deposit of calcium salts), yet "calcified cartilage is not bone"-Occurs during normal bone expansion (youth & old age)
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