Medical Terminology Simplified
Most of the medical terms come from Latin or Greek. Therefore learning medical terminology can be very tedious. The easiest method adopted by the medical students and assistants is to memorize them. Read on to simplify the learning so that you don"t rely solely on rote learning.
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One important method to understand complex medical words is to break them down into recognizable components just like a sentence. There are four (4) basic components of a medical terminology to remember.
The first Component is the Prefix: This comes at the beginning of a word.
Example: In peri/ nat/ o/ logy, peri- is the prefix
The second Component is the Suffix: This comes at the end of a word. A suffix used in a medical term usually describes a procedure or action. When attempting to translate a word, you should be able to begin at the end.
Example: In peri/ nat/ o/ logy, -ology is the suffix.
In peri/ nat/ o/ logy, -ology is the suffix.
peri/nat/o/logy means the study of fetus
The third component is Word Root: This is body of the word. The root word is the foundation of the word.
Example: In peri/ nat/ o/ logy, nat is the word root
The fourth component is the combining form: body of the word with a vowel
Example: In peri/ nat/ o/ logy, nat/ o is a combining formRule - To define medical terms divide or slash them into component parts i.e prefixes, suffixes, root and the combining form.
See more: What Do You Call A Male Chicken, (+ Other Chook Terms)
poly / dips / ia
Poly prefix - means many
Dips- root - means thirst
Suffix- ia -condition
Here are some more examples:
Hyper/ kal / emia - excess potassium in the blood
Cardi / o / megaly - enlarged heart
My / o / card / ia - heart muscle
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