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Alexander the great was so impression by the Indian usage of elephants in battle, that he instantly enlisted them into his army. Elephants were specifically effective versus horses, which would frequently bolt away in fear at the visibility of the substantial beasts.

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Was Alexander the great really great?

A good conqueror, in 13 quick years the amassed the largest realm in the entire old world — realm that extended 3,000 miles. And he did this without the benefit of modern-day technology and also weaponry. In his day, troop activities were generally on foot, and communications were face to face. Not negative for a boy who became the King that Macedon in ~ the age of 20.

Many of Alexander"s accomplishments were made feasible by his father, Philip that Macedon. Macedon, i beg your pardon existed roughly where the modern country of Macedonia lies today, to be a kingdom located that place geographically phibìc of the Greek city-states.

In 338 B.C.E., King Philip that Macedon invaded and also conquered the Greek city-states. Philip took advantage of the truth that the Greek city-states were separated by year of squabbling and infighting. Philip thrived in act what years of fighting between city-states had not done. He unified Greece.


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Conquering the World

Philip"s next goal was to defeat Greece"s age-old enemy to the east: Persia. Because that years, the huge Persian empire threatened the an extremely existence of the Greek way of life. But prior to he to be able to pursue his 2nd goal, Philip to be assassinated.


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This map mirrors Alexander the Great"s massive empire and also the course he took to overcome it.

When his son, Alexander, took the throne in 336 B.C.E., he vowed to finish the plan of his father. In 334 B.C.E., Alexander attacked Persia, i m sorry lay throughout the Aegean Sea in Asia boy (modern-day Turkey).

After 3 grueling year of warfare and three decisive battles, Alexander smashed the Persian militaries at the Tigris River and conquered the mighty Persian Empire, consisting of the legendary city the Babylon. For many Greeks, this victory marked a moment of sweet revenge versus a bitter foe.


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At this point, in ~ the period of 25, Alexander ruled an expansive empire. Nevertheless, his ambitions were no satisfied. When fighting the Persians, Alexander dominated Egypt and also founded a city at the mouth the the Nile River. This city, i m sorry he named Alexandria after ~ himself, came to be a cosmopolitan, diverse, bustling center of trade, the arts, and also ideas.

But Alexander was not done. He ongoing his campaign, driving farther east, till he reached India and the Indus flow in 326 B.C.E. At this point, his tired troops refused to hit further. Lock told Alexander the a truly good leader knows as soon as it is time to avoid fighting.

Without the support of his army, Alexander had actually no choice but to turn ago and start consolidating and also organizing his far-flung empire. Top top his way home, Alexander passed away from disease in 323 B.C.E.


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Though he to be an unquestionably skilled and also highly respected army leader, Alexander the an excellent was feared by those approximately him for his paranoia and dangerous temper.

Alexander in Hindsight

Alexander the Great"s legacy is both much reaching and profound. First, his father was able to unite the Greek city-states, and Alexander ruined the Persian empire forever. An ext importantly, Alexander"s conquests spread Greek culture, additionally known together Hellenism, across his empire.

In fact, Alexander"s reign significant the beginning of a brand-new era well-known as the Hellenistic Age because of the an effective influence the Greek culture had on various other people. Without Alexander"s ambition, Greek ideas and society might well have remained confined to Greece.

Many chroniclers see Alexander the good in a different light. Back Alexander to be both intelligent and handsome, he also had a darker side. He own a ferocious temper and from time to time would certainly arbitrarily killing close advisors and even friends. Also, toward the end of his plenty of campaigns, that senselessly slaughtered thousands whose only crime to be being in his way.

Was Alexander the an excellent really great?
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Alexander the Great"s Website
This website provides a riches of information on Alexander the Great. Essays, maps, timelines, and images abound. Search the save on computer by keyword, or browse the paragraphs to uncover what you"re feather for.

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Alexander the Great
Alexander the great knew Homer"s Iliad by heart and slept with a copy of that under his pillow every night. He embraced the hero Achilles as his role model, that Alexander asserted was one ancestor that his. This amazing fact around Alexander is only one of numerous that girlfriend will discover on this considerable webpage, which includes tons the pictures and also links to connected websites.

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