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You are watching: Is there a comma after thus

Since girlfriend are analysis this short article in English, the odds are you already know what the connect “so” means. You probably also know the “thus”, “therefore”, and “hence” typical basically the exact same as “so”, and you are wondering what the difference is. If this is the case, this post is simply for you.

Before moving on to the details words, it should be detailed that “thus”, “therefore”, and “hence” space all quite formal and much much more common in creating than in daily conversation, whereby they are practically always substituted through “so”.

“Thus” and also “so”

The most essential difference in between “thus” and “so” is that “so” is a conjunction (meaning “and for that reason”, “and due to the fact that of that”), vice versa, “thus” is an adverb (synonymous v “consequently”). Because that example, the sentence


“Thus” is typically separated from the remainder of the sentence by commas, yet the commas are frequently omitted if this would cause three commas in a heat (as in the third example).

The last example is no correct because “thus” cannot sign up with two live independence clauses.

“Thus” likewise has an additional meaning: “in this way”, “like this” (in which instance it does not introduce a clause). For example:


The comma right here was proper because what adheres to “thus” is no a clause. That is just a parenthetical expression extending the preceding clause.

“Hence”

Just favor “thus”, “hence” is an adverb, not a conjunction, so that cannot sign up with two independent rule (note the it is an ext common to omit the commas approximately “hence” than after “thus” in officially writing):


correct that is no satisfied. Hence(,) we need to prepare a new proposal.
correct the is no satisfied; hence(,) we should prepare a brand-new proposal.
wrong that is no satisfied, hence we must prepare a new proposal.

“Hence” offered in this sense is quite uncommon, and also such usage persists largely in committed fields, together as scientific writing.

There is, however, another, much more common definition of “hence”, i m sorry substitutes a verb but is not a clause in itself and is always separated from the rest of the sentence through a comma:


Our server to be down, therefore the delay in responding.The chemicals cause the rain to become acidic, hence the hatchet “acid rain”.

As you can see, “hence” substitutes unit volume such together “which leader to” or “which is the factor of”.

“Therefore”

Finally, “therefore” is additionally an adverb meaning “as a logical consequence”. It is used mainly in argumentation once one statement logically follows from another, and it is common in scientific literature.

Again, format guides generally recommend to set it off v commas, but when this would break the natural circulation of the sentence, most authors often tend to omit the commas:


Some world argue that “therefore” attributes perfectly well together a connect (like “so”) and separating it with a comma rather of a semicolon is acceptable. However, no one of the significant English dictionary (such as Oxford English dictionary or Merriam-Webster) endorses such usage.

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Note the “therefore” does not sound herbal when there is no obvious logical connection between the two statements, specifically in casual context. You need to use “so” in such cases:


By the way, if you haven’t check out my overview on how to avoid the most common mistakes in English, make certain to check it out; it deals with similar topics.