Hyphens with totality Numbers and also Numbers with FractionsHere are the rules for using hyphens with entirety numbers and numbers that incorporate fractions.
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Do Not use Hyphens with Numbers provided as QuantifiersWhen the number is a quantifier come a noun, execute not usage a hyphen. In these examples, the numbers are highlighted and also the nouns room in bold.The journey takes two hours.The trip takes two and also a fifty percent hours.The trip takes twenty-three and also a quarter hours.(In this example, "twenty-three" is hyphenated because that"s exactly how 23 is created in full.)The trip takes 23.25 hours.The trip takes one and also three-quarter hours.(Here, "three-quarter" is hyphenated since that"s exactly how a fraction is composed in full.)It doesn"t matter how facility your number is, if it"s a quantifier come a noun, then it is no hyphenated. When your number is a quantifier, the just hyphens are the people that would be over there ordinarily (e.g., in numbers such together "twenty-three," "three-quarter").
Use Hyphens with Numbers supplied in AdjectivesWhen the number is the very first part of a compound adjective, use hyphens to group the whole adjective together to display it is a single adjective. In these examples, the link adjectives that encompass the numbers are highlighted and also the nouns space in bold. It is a two-hour journey.It is a two-and-a-half-hour journey.It is a twenty-three-and-a-quarter-hour journey.It is a 23.25-hour journey.It is a one-and-three-quarter-hour journey.Again, the doesn"t issue how complicated your number is, if it"s the an initial half that a link adjective, climate it is hyphenated along with the rest of the adjective. Remember that you group an adjective through hyphens to show it"s a solitary grammatical unit (i.e., a single, albeit multi-word, adjective).Read much more about compound adjectives.
Hyphenating terms with words "Year"Writers regularly ask about hyphenation v terms that encompass "year." below are the rules:
Hyphenate all the native in a compound Noun v YearsThe hatchet "two-year-old" is a multi-word noun (called a link noun.) below are some an ext examples of compound nouns with the hatchet "year old" (the link nouns room highlighted).A two-year-old knows its mind.There room three two-year-olds in the group.A four-and-a-half-year-old knows its mind.There room three four-and-a-half-year-olds in the group.This time, there are hyphens to show that the compound noun is a solitary grammatical unit (i.e., a single, albeit multi-word, noun). That can happen with various other words too:He insurance claims to have seen a six-and-a-half-footer close to the breakwater.Read more about compound nouns.Remember the there room no hyphens as soon as the number is provided as a quantifier, and this has when the number quantifies the noun "year." In these examples, the numbers space highlighted and also the nouns space in bold:She studied for 4 years.She studied for four and a half years.Remember, too, the numbers supplied in link adjectives space hyphenated, and this contains when the link adjective includes the word "year." In these examples, the link adjectives space highlighted and also the nouns room in bold:She studied because that a four-year period.She studied for a four-and-a-half-year period.
Writing fractions in Words
Hyphenation through Fractions together QuantifiersAnother popular style differentiates between standalone fractions and also fractions provided as quantifiers. In this style, a fraction is no hyphenated once it stands alone but is hyphenated as soon as it is supplied as a quantifier. For example:The population reduced by two fifths.(Note that this is various from the most typical style presented above.)There was a two-fifths palliation in the population.(In this example, "two-fifths" is hyphenated because it quantifies "reduction.")
If you"ve come below looking for response on even if it is to hyphenate a fraction, here"s her answer: It depends what convention your college is using.If you can"t find any examples from her institution, then take on the most usual convention (i.e. The one the hyphenates fractions) and also be consistent.Why need to I adopt the usual convention?Hyphenating a portion makes it was standing out together one grammatical unit, definition it will certainly not hinder analysis flow."Two-thirds" counts together one word. "Two thirds" counts together two. So, hyphenating can be a means to alleviate your word-count.
Ready for the Test?Here is a confirmatory test because that this lesson.This test can likewise be:Edited (i.e., you can delete questions and also play with the stimulate of the questions).Printed to develop a handout.Sent electronically to friends or students.
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See AlsoWhat room adjectives?What are compound adjectives?Hyphens in link adjectivesHow to compose numbers in fullStarting sentences v numbers
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