Cows significantly vary in load depending greatly on the breed and the age of the cow.According to phibìc Dakota State college data, the weight ranges greatly for a usual herd. There’s no one mean number for every the breeds combined, but… For now, let’s try to prize the basic question about the median weight of a cow.How lot Does a Cow Weigh? In the US, the average weight of a mature beef cow (such together Angus) is around 1,210 pounds, while the median weight of an adult dairy products cow (such as Holstein) is about 1500 pounds. However, cow’s load will significantly vary by breed.
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For example, Holstein dairy products cows are one of the larger ones, and usually weigh around 1,500 pounds totally grown, if Jersey dairy products cows are on the smaller sized side, weighing around 900 pounds ~ above average, when full-grown.We deserve to separate the weights family member to the age and the each other of the cow, as displayed below.If you looking to obtain into beef productions business climate it’s important to have the right equipment, such together feed bunks, hay feeders (portable also better), headgate, stop chute, functioning chute, and a few other important items.
Let’s look at the cow’s weight much more precisely.
How lot Does a Cow Weigh?
Beef livestock (raised for meat production primarily) and also dairy livestock (raised for milk primarily) commonly weigh differently, yet even among the beef or dairy product breeds we have huge differences.I’ve provided data native research and calculations on The Pennsylvania State University, north Dakota State University and Wikipedia itself to acquire the many accurate and recent data around cow weights (by age and by gender).I’ve supplied this data to placed together tables the weights for heifers (female calves) by month, and also some data top top the major breeds in US and their average weights.
Herders constantly weigh a cow at weaning, i m sorry is the time when a calf is separated native the mother. Ideally, this is in ~ 7-8 month old. Cows proceed gaining weight until they with 7 years of age, climate they slowly lose weight till they leave the herd.Weight the a cow depends mostly on this factors:agebreedlocationnutritional historyindividual traitsThis way the weights can selection wildly, but, we deserve to still take it the averages to it is in useful, based upon the large available data set.These averages must be helpful, or in ~ least, amazing to ponder about.
For more information on the each other of beef cattle, visit the Oklahoma State Beef breeds Directory.
How much Does a Beef Cow Weigh?A usual beef cow such together Angus, weigh about 1210 lbs (550kb) because that a maturation female, and around 1870 lbs (850 kg) for bulls (on average). Because that a common herd, this is not a an extremely useful answer because the herd might consist that a selection of cows by age and breed.Cow weight will significantly vary based on many factors.Angus beef cow will be around 450-550 pounds as soon as 6 month old, while a mature heifer can weigh anywhere in between 800 and also 1400 pounds. Heifer expansion is usually contrasted to breed criter to determine normal progress.
Here is a list of average weight of beef cows by each other (female):Angus – 1,210 pounds (550 kg)Hereford – 1,200 pounds (544 kg)Limousin – 1,650 pounds (750 kg)Brahman – 1,320 pounds (600 kg)Simmental – 1,300 pounds (590 kg)Shorthorn – 1,760 pounds (800 kg)Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6Males (bulls) are naturally a lot of heavier.Average weight of male beef cows by breed (bulls):Angus – 1,870 pounds (850 kg)Hereford – 1,800 pounds (816 kg)Limousin – 2,530 pounds (1150 kg)Brahman – 2,100 pounds (950 kg)Simmental – 2,500 pounds (1134 kg)Shorthorn – 2,100 pounds (950 kg)
If you room looking to obtain into beef production organization (or room there already) then the general answer come a general question is no that valuable for you.What’s more important is the weight of cows girlfriend are turning out to pasture.In perfect world, you’d desire to fight 1150 lbs in 15-16 months for a typical beef cow, yet this would count a many on genetics and also breed, and also is an overwhelming to reach.How lot do cows sweet in a common herd?
At NDSU Dickinson Research extension Center, they monitor cow load throughout the years, and here is the data indigenous a few years back on the weights the cows in the herd:
How much Does a dairy Cow Weigh?Depending ~ above the breed, a complete mature Holstein dairy cow weighs approximately 1,500 lbs (700 kg) on average, a tires Ayrshire weighs roughly 990 come 1,320 lbs, if the Jersey breed (being amongst the the smallest of the dairy product breeds) weighs around 900 lbs (410kg) top top average.
These room all (naturally) woman cow load examples, when the males normally weigh more.
How much Does a Calf Weigh?A calf is a young domestic cattle, and their weight quickly grows every month.
Calf at birth will certainly weigh about 82 pounds. A commercial steer (bull calf) is supposed to put on around 71 come 79 lbs (32-36kg) per month, if a heifer put on less, depending on the breed.I’ve looked more closely right into dairy cow heifer weights by age, and got the data native PennState Uni on heifer growth and the average and recommended weights of the most famous dairy cow breeds in the US.
Average Calf Weights by period (Holstein, Jersey, Brown Swiss)
Average Calf Weights by period (Guernsey, Ayrshire, Milking Shorthorn)
Data is indigenous measuring a huge number the heifers of miscellaneous breeds throughout the united States during 1991 and 1992. Calculations room done by PennState expansion at the university of agricultural Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, and also updated in 2017.
How lot Does a Cow Weigh when Butchered?For advertisement productions, cows weigh normally 900 to 1,350 pounds in ~ slaughter. The average livestock weight at slaughter will rely on client demands, which recognize the age selection and load of cattle.Source: Dickinson research study Extension center data ~ above herds.For example, Angus beef livestock weigh roughly 1,200 pounds at slaughter, through a carcass weight of 750 pounds (hanging weight, “on the rail”).However, livestock have variations in body size, and customer requirements are constantly different. Some desire meat indigenous younger cows, as it is generally more tender, and also some desire veal meat, i beg your pardon is a meat indigenous a calf the is 6 months or younger.
Average cow load at slaughter can therefore be on any point of the spectrum of this range of weights.The carcass size is relevant because it is a driver of income.If she looking to gain into beef manufacturing business, the sole source of your earnings will come indigenous calves created each year, i beg your pardon is why it is necessary that your cows develop a calf at least every 12 months.Another vital thing is to decide what kind of operation you’re going come run. Several of the usual ones are:cow/calfbackgrounding feeder calvesfeedlotWhatever you choose, there room plenty of resources out there the will help you run your company successfully. You can start in ~ PennState extension beef manufacturing guidelines.
How lot Meat carry out You obtain From a Cow?
According come South Dakota State college Extension, the intended yield because that retail cut from beef carcasses ranges from 55% come 75%, relying on the fatness, muscling of the animal, and also the kind of cut you produce. The carcass weight is usually in between 600 and also 900 pounds.Steaks commonly come indigenous a command (castrated male) or a heifer (female the hasn’t to be bred), when meat native cows is generally ground up into processed meats.The us beef sector is focused mostly on creating steers because that meat consumption.Dairy cows are much better utilized on developing milk, and because of their inability come dress the end nicely (give large quantities of high quality meat), cow is graded low by the USDA and also normally goes come auction and slaughter because that processed meat.One that the many popular cattle breeds, Angus, has actually been offered for a long time since it gives lots of element grade meat, an excellent marbling, etc.
How much meat perform you obtain from a cow?Let’s take it an example.If you begin with a 1,200 steer (a castrated male), which has a usual dressing of 63%, that’s about 750 lb carcass. From that, you will get about 65% of carcass weight (on average), which is about 490 pounds the trimmed beef.If we calculate that against live weight, you acquire an mean of 40% of live weight, fatness being roughly 12% that live weight.The quantity of meat you obtain from livestock varies, and this is simply an approximation.
How lot meat will a cow yield relies on the breed, age and diet.
How countless Steaks in a Cow?Once again, for those unfamiliar, steaks typically come from steer (male cows) while the meat indigenous female cows is usually ground up and considered reduced grade.Let’s take it a look at 2 examples and the quantity of meat you have the right to get.Example 1)If we usage the example over for a 1,200 pounds steer, native SDSU Extension, and cut the carcass into primarily boneless steaks and roasts, us would gain (on average):90 pounds the boneless lining roasts and also steaks (10-12% of carcass weight)85 pounds of round roasts and steaks (10-12% that carcass weight)80 pounds of rib and loin steaks (10-12% the carcass weight)50 pounds of various other cuts (brisket, flank, quick ribs, dress steak)and 185 pounds of lean trim, or soil beef (20-25% the carcass weight)For individual types of steak, you would certainly get:18 pounds of strip loin steaks (2.5%),9 pounds that tenderloin steaks or filets (2.5%),in general, much less than 3% every individual form of steakExample 2)
Another example of 1,000 lb. As presented by Oklahoma room of farming Food and Forestry gives comparable results.Their median hanging weight, additionally called “on the rail” is 61%, because that a 1,000 pounds steer, i m sorry is 610 lbs of beef. Additional weight loss for meat accounts because that 18%, which leaves you v 430 pounds of meat that would go into retail cut (steaks, roasts, floor beef, etc.)Here is the amount of retail cuts you would get:Round (round steak, rump roast, sirloin guideline steak, etc.) – 103.2 lbsSirloin (sirloin steak, stew and also ground beef) – 38.7 lbsshort loin (porterhouse steak, T-bone steak) – 34.4 lbsflank (flank steak, short ribs) – 17.2 lbsrib (rib eye steak, rib steaks, ago ribs) – 38.7 lbsshort plate (skirt steak, quick ribs) – 30.1 lbschuck (chuck roast or steak, arm roast) – 107.5 lbsbrisket – 25.8 lbsshank – 17.2 lbssuet & hanging tender – 17.2 lbsThese are just the averages, and the really live weight to retail cuts yield varies, depending on breed, fat to muscle ration, age, cut order, etc.
Largest Cows in the WorldThe heaviest each other of a cow in the civilization is Chianina, which deserve to weigh as much as 3,500 pounds when mature, or 1500kg.
It is among the oldest cattle breeds in the world and also it’s use is dual-purpose: both because that meat and for draught usage (working animal). Chianina cows have actually very tiny milk come produce, barely enough for suckling.Second one largest is more than likely South Devon, i beg your pardon is the biggest of the British indigenous breeds.
Smallest Cows in the WorldThe the smallest breed that cows in the world is Dexter miniature cow, which weighs just 600 come 700 pounds because that mature bulls, or 272 to 318 kg.The Dexter each other originated in Ireland, climate was brought to UK and US. The then eventually disappeared indigenous Ireland, but was still preserved as a pure breed in a a number of small herds in England and also the US.Dexter cows are friendly, dual-purpose breed, supplied for milk and beef, however often likewise used because that oxen, which is an pet used because that plowing, transport, threshing grain by trampling and powering devices that grind grain or supply irrigation.
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Their versatility is among their biggest assets, and also they likewise produce a rich milk high in butterfat.