In biology, the ax “big cat” generally refers to biology in the genus Panthera and most often is used to describe the 4 main types of big cats; lions, tigers, jaguars, and also leopards. Most large cats space predatory carnivores who are well-known for being fierce hunters and also fighters. The ax “big cat” is more than a ax of endearment as well; this cats tend to it is in very large and physically powerful. The term large cat can also refer part cats in the larger group of the Felidae family, which consists of cougars and also cheetahs.

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Big cat are amongst the many recognizable and popular pets in the world. Big cats are native to the Americas, Africa, and Asia, despite the majority of huge cats space only uncovered in Africa and also Asia. Unfortunately, many big cat varieties in the people are right now either threatened or top top the verge of extinction due to loss that habitat and human poaching.


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The ax “big cat” might prompt one to think “how big?” The prize is: HUGE. Huge cats routinely weigh about 500 pounds and can measure up anywhere in between 5-12 feet long. Some species of large cats deserve to reach end 1,000 pounds and eat increase to half their body weight in a solitary day. So, in honor of these glorious megafauna, let’s take it a watch at some of the biggest huge cats in the world.

What space the best Cats In the World?

Jaguar

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Credit: Pixabay

Average Weight: 123-212 pounds

Average Length: 3.5-6 feet.

Jaguars (Panthera onca) room a species of big cat uncovered in parts of the Southwestern US, Mexico, main America, and also Sout America. The jaguar is the just member of the genus Panthera the is aboriginal to the Americas. They prefer forest, swamps, and also wooded areas as your habitats, though they are found in numerous open environments.


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Jaguar weight have the right to vary considerably, but most fall in the selection of 123-212 pounds. Larger male jaguar specimens have been well-known to reach end 300 pounds. Female jaguars room usually 20% smaller than males. The greatest jaguars measure over 6 feet in length. The many distinctive physical characteristic of jaguars is your orange and also black patterned fur. The rosettes ~ above the hair serve together camouflage in their woodland habitats.

Jaguars room the apex predator in your environments and also are adept hunters, swimmers, and climbers. Your stocky and also well-muscled frame gives lock a the majority of strength; a typical jaguar have the right to reach speed of approximately 55 mph and has a bite pressure of end 1,000 pounds. Jaguars hunt and also eat virtually any kind of terrestrial vertebrate in the environment, other than crocodiles. Jaguars are very great swimmers and also will dive in the water to capture fish, turtles, and frogs. Jaguars hunting habits are distinct among huge cats. Rather of attacking their preys’ throats or suffocating them, they bite into the temporal lobe and also pierce the mind with your sharp canine teeth.

Jaguars room currently detailed as near-threatened by the IUCN Red List and also populations are promptly declining. This decline is driven mainly through deforestation and also hunting. Ranchers often kill jaguars since they serve as a hazard to their livestock and jaguars are pursued by poachers for your pelts. The is estimated by the WWF that only 15,000 jaguars space left in the wild.

Lion

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Credit: “Lion d’Afrique” by C. Bardot via WikiCommons CC BY-SA 4.0

Average Weight: 330-550 pounds

Average Length: 5.6-8.2 feet


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Next increase is everyone’s favorite king of the jungle, the lion. Regardless of the moniker “king the the jungle” (and the ridiculously renowned song “The Lion Sleeps Tonight”), lions (Panthera leo) space actually not indigenous to jungles and are almost never uncovered there uneven deliberately introduced. Lions are native to the Savannah levels of Africa whereby they space the ecosystem’s apex predator.

Lions are large, muscular, and also usually weigh 330-550 pounds because that males and 265-400 pounds because that females. Lions have a short muscular neck, deep chest, and vast muscular shoulders. Male lions are differentiated for the properties mane the surrounds your head. Mane color and also size is dependence on subspecies, age, ecological conditions, and variety in color from light yellow to a brownish black.

Fitting because that a large cat of your stature, Lions room fierce predators who actively hunt and stalk their prey. Lions space the most social that the huge cats and exist in large social groups referred to as prides. Lion prides space composed of lot of members and their offspring who live with each other sharing food and protection. Lions eat mostly grazing mammals the exist in your area, consisting of gazelles, zebras, giraffes, and African buffalo. Lions commonly engage in fights through leopards, cheetahs, and also hyenas, yet they hardly ever eat lock afterward.

Unfortunately, habitat loss and also human poaching have actually caused lion populations to rapidly dwindle in the 20th and 21st century. The is estimated that there at this time exist 20,00-39,000 lions in the wild.

Siberian Tiger

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Credit: “P.t.altaica Tomak Male” by Appaloosa via WikiCommons CC-BY SA 3.0

Average Weight: 397-675 pounds

Average Length7.8-9.9 feet

Siberian tigers are subspecies the tiger the is native to northern Asia, specifically Russia and also Northeast China. The Siberian tiger has actually had countless names through history, including the Amur tiger, Manchurian tiger, and Korean tiger.

Siberian tigers are big and usually weigh approximately 397-675 pounds because that males and also 220-368 pounds because that females. They measure up anywhere between 7.8-11 feet long. Historically, the Siberian tiger to be the largest subspecies the tiger, though population declination and loss the food sources in the previous century have actually caused the mean weight of Siberian tigers to drop.

Male Siberian tigers room solitary hunters that spend much of their adult life follow me on the prowl. Occasionally, lock will kind a household unit through a female because that a short period of time until their offspring are ready to be independent. That is hard to inspection Siberian tiger sociality in the wild because so few of them tho exist.

Siberian tigers are the apex predator of their environments and feed ~ above most varieties of mammal. They usage their impressive size and powerful jaws to leap at prey, trap, and also suffocate them. Siberian tiger populace often transition location to reflect the circulation of prey species.

Siberian tigers are at this time on the verge the extinction. Extensive loss the habitat and poaching have reason number to decrease so much that in the 1940s, there to be an estimated 20 come 30 Siberian many tigers left in the wild. Strict laws banning the poaching and trade the Siberian many tigers plus substantial conservation initiatives have raised the population of wild Siberian tigers to 500 in recent years, despite the species is severely endangered.

Bengal Tiger

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Credit: Pixabay

Average Weight500-717 pounds

Average Length: 8.9-12 feet

The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is a subspecies that tiger that is primarily discovered on the Indian subcontinent and also Southeastern Asia. The Bengal tiger is known for its characteristics orange and black strip pattern. Bengal tigers room the biggest tigers in the world and also have an mean weight of approximately 550 pounds and also measure nearly 11 feet long. Some Bengal many tigers reach over 700 pounds at some point in their lives. The biggest Bengal tiger on document weighed virtually 900 pounds and also measured an ext than 13 feet long.

Unlike lions, Bengal tigers are mostly solitary and do not type large society groups. The only common groups that Bengal tigers are females and their offspring. Bengal tigers are obligate carnivores and also feed on most kinds of mammals in your habitat—particularly ungulates (hooved mammals). There have actually been reports of Bengal many tigers attacking and killing large elephants, rhinoceroses, and venomous snakes. Bengal tigers have also been recognized to assault humans and are one of the regions many dangerous man-eater species. They leverage their big size and powerful physique come subdue prey and rip your throats open prior to feasting on your carcasses.

Unfortunately, the world’s population of Bengal tigers has actually dramatically declined in the 20th and 21st century. Habitat loss and human poaching space the 2 main causes of this decline. There are currently around 2,500 Bengal many tigers left in the world, both in the wild and in captivity.

Liger

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Credit: publicly Domain

Average Weight: 750-900 pounds

Average Length: 10-12 feet

A liger is a hybrid biology made through the mating of a male lion and also a female tiger. The first recorded mentions that ligers come indigenous India about the turn of the 19th century. Masculine ligers space sterile and cannot produce their very own offspring, however female ligers can create offspring with other species of cat.

Ligers space the largest recognized breed of cat and routinely reach weights of better than 800 pounds and also lengths over 10 feet. The largest ever before liger to be a masculine liger called Nook that weighed 1,213 pounds. Physically, ligers resemble a mixture the the parental species, a lion-esque fur with faint tiger-like stripes. Ligers also share behavior traits that both parental species. Ligers gain swimming, like tigers, and also are social cats, favor lions. Unlike the parental species, ligers are usually not wild or territorial. They have tendency to remain peaceful and also docile right into maturity.

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Ligers are deliberately bred and only exist in captivity due to the fact that the parent varieties environments do not overlap in nature. It is approximated that only about 100 ligers exist in the world. There room reports and also stories around Bengal tigers and Asiatic lions mating in the wild and reports of wild tiger populations, but none the these claims have ever before been confirmed.