You can use a syringe, an insulin pen, or an insulin pump to take insulin. Insulin comes in a party (vial) or in an insulin pen.

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Before You leaving the Pharmacy and Each Time You offer an Insulin Injection:

inspect to make certain you have the right type of insulin. Examine the expiration date. Check the look at of the insulin (appearance). It should be clear. Check that you have the right form of insulin. This means the insulin could come in a vial, disposable pen, or cartridge.

Throw away Insulin and Use a brand-new Vial, Pen, or Cartridge if:

Insulin has been left wherein it is an extremely hot or very cold.

Insulin is cloudy or includes particles.

It is later than the expiration day on the vial, pen, or cartridge.

It has actually been an ext than 28 days due to the fact that you began using the vial, pen, or cartridge.

Put a brand on your pen, vial, or cartridge with day opened.


Insulin vials have U-100 insulin. That way there room 100 units of insulin in every milliliter (mL) the insulin. Humalog® insulin come in 3 mL (300 units) vials or 10 mL (1000 units) vials. All other types of insulin come in 10 mL (1000 units) vials. Insulin pen or cartridges come in crate of five 3 mL pens or cartridges.

Insulin Syringes

Insulin syringes come in three various sizes. The size of the syringe depends on her insulin dose.

Insulin Dose Syringe Size
Less than 30 minutes 0.3 ml (30 units)
30 come 50 units 0.5 ml (50 units)
51 units or more 1 ml (100 units)

Insulin Pens

There room two types of insulin pens:

Disposable Pens- most types of insulin are available in a disposable pen. Castle give complete unit doses. You litter these away after all the insulin is gone.


Reusable Pens- these pens deserve to be filled with Humalog® and Novolog® insulin cartridges. They can offer ½ unit doses and also can be supplied over and also over again.


Syringes and also needles come in different thickness and lengths. The physician will prescribe the size for you.

‘Gauge’ method the thickness of the needle. The higher the number method the thinner the needle.

Needle lengths include: ½ customs (12.7 mm), 5/16 inch (8 mm), 3/16 inch (5 mm), and also 5/32 inch (4 mm). Your medical care team will tell girlfriend the needle length that is ideal for you. Once using one insulin vial through U-100 insulin, you must use one insulin syringe that says “For use with U-100 insulin.”


How carry out I keep Insulin?

Insulin Before opening After opening
Vial Store in refrigerator. Great until expiration day on vial. Store at room temperature. Throw away 28 job after first use.
Levemir insulin pen Store in refrigerator. Great until expiration day on insulin pen. Store at room temperature. Litter away 42 work after an initial use.

Humalog, Novolog, or Lantus insulin pen or Humalog or Novolog insulin cartridge

Store in refrigerator. Good until expiration date on insulin pen or cartrige. Store at room temperature. Throw away 28 work after an initial use.

*Source: These room the manufacturer’s recommendations.

once storing insulin in the refrigerator, the temperature must be between 36 degrees F and also 46 degrees F. As soon as storing insulin in ~ room temperature, temperature should be between 36 levels F and 86 levels F.

Insulin Pump Therapy

Insulin pump therapy is basal and also bolus insulin therapy. An insulin pump is a small maker that offers you rapid-acting insulin (Novolog®, Humalog®, or Apidra®) every the time. This is the basal and also bolus insulin.


The user can provide a bolus sheep of rapid-acting insulin when needed. This is because that carbohydrates eaten and also for happen high blood glucose back to target.

A little flexible pipe (cannula) is placed under the skin to provide the insulin. This is the infusion set. Girlfriend or a family members member demands to change the infusion collection every 2 to 3 days.

Insulin pump therapy is no the right selection for everyone. The health care providers at the Diabetes facility want you to think about the complying with things before starting insulin pump therapy:

For the school age or enlarge child, both the parent and child have to want an insulin pump and be willing to learn about insulin pump therapy.

For the younger child, the parent should be willing to learn about insulin pump therapy.

You should go come clinic access time every 3 months.

You need to be willing to examine blood glucose at least 4 time a day.

You have to look for blood glucose fads to control diabetes.

You need to have great carbohydrate counting skills.

The family members must it is in comfortable with an easy diabetes monitoring skills.

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If girlfriend think you can want insulin pump therapy, talk v your medical care provider to decide if that is a an excellent choice. We market classes to make it simpler to start insulin pump therapy. Right here at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, we recommend you remain on shots (injections) for at the very least six months before thinking about insulin pump therapy. Your doctor and educator want to make certain that you have a good understanding of an easy diabetes care. You additionally need to be comfortable with the injections and calculating your insulin doses. If the pump does not work, climate you must have the ability to go ago to injections and insulin sheep calculations.