The traditional sport of polo is play at rate on a large grass field up to 300 yards long by 160 yards wide, the almost right area of ripe American football fields. Every polo team is composed of 4 riders and also their mounts, which have the right to be combined teams the both men and women.

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This player is the most offense-oriented position on the field. The Number One position normally covers the opposing team Number Four.


This player has vital role in offense, either running through and scoring themselves, or passing come the Number One and getting in behind them. Defensively, they will cover the opposing team Number Three, usually the other team’s finest player.


This player is the tactical leader and also must it is in a long an effective hitter to feeding balls to Number Two and also Number One and maintaining a hard defense. The ideal player top top the team is commonly the Number 3 player, usually wielding the greatest handicap.


This player is the main defense player. They have the right to move anywhere on the field, yet they usually try to avoid scoring. The focus on defense by the Number Four allows the Number 3 to attempt an ext offensive plays, because they recognize that they will be covered is they shed the ball.





Strategic dram in polo are based upon the “line of the ball”, an imaginary line created by the ball as the travels under the field. It transforms each time the ball alters direction. The “line that the ball” specifies rules for players to method the round safely, and also to prevent serious injury come players and also their horses. A particular amount that distance need to be established to overcome the line and gain accessibility to the ball. If this is done in a dangerous method a foul will certainly be called. A player must make a safe “ride off” or “bump” to place their horse on the correct side of the line, or they have the right to take your mallet to the “near side” (left next of the horse). A player may only “bump” an additional player if both that their horses are travel at the same speed and also are shoulder to shoulder.

The game lasts approximately two hours and also consists of 4 to 6 7 minute chukkers, in between or throughout which players change mounts. Every player will bring one equine for each chukker and one to 3 “spare” equines that was standing on the sidelines in instance a player’s equine gets tired.

At the end of each 7 minute chukker, play proceeds for secondary 30 seconds or till a stoppage in play, whichever come first. Over there is a 4 minute interval between chukkers and a ten minute half-time. Beat is continuous and is just stopped because that penalties, broken tack (equipment) or injury to steed or player. The object is come score goals by hitting the ball in between the score posts, no matter exactly how high in the air. If the sphere goes wide of the goal, the defending team is allowed a totally free ‘knock-in’ from the place where the round crossed the goal line, thus obtaining the ball earlier into play. After every goal is scored, teams readjust ends to account for any kind of advantages.

During half-time of the match, spectators room invited to go onto the field to participate in a polo tradition called “divot stomping”, i m sorry has emerged to no only aid replace the piles of planet (divots) that space torn up by the horses’ hooves, yet to afford spectators the opportunity to walk around and socialize.

The football player you insanity cheered last Sunday might be ~ above opposing groups this week. Actually, groups are consisted of by how the players space rated (skill levels, referred to as goals, operation from -2 to10). Once teams are being composed, the thing is because that them come be equally matched. A player is picked no by his or she charm, however so the amount of ratings is equal on both teams.

To know polo even better, below is a quickie language food to assist you reap the match or simply appear to be a know-it-all.


BallThe entire suggest of the match is to wallop the ball up one way on the field and also then earlier the other. Balls, i beg your pardon are about three and also one half inches in diameter, sweet four and one half ounces. They room made of hard wood or plastic.
BumpThis is a protective maneuver ~ above the ar that is rather legal and also is one of the couple of contact moves allowed. A player attempts to damage an opponent’s run with the sphere by bumping his horse versus the other player’s. This bump, which deserve to rattle teeth, is regulation by the angle at i m sorry the aggressor make the efforts it. It deserve to never be an ext than 45 degrees, and the faster the horses are running, the smaller sized the angle. The is clearly a stormy one for the umpires come call, as well.
ChukkerPolo matches are separated into six periods of play called chukkers (the English call them chukkas), each lasting 7 minutes. A horn or horn sounds to finish the period or game. If the score continues to be tied after the 6th chukker, the enhance continues into the seventh chukker until a score is made.
DivotBetween the 3rd and 4th chukkers there is an old polo heritage of stomping divots. Divots space chunks the grass ~ above the playing ar which the horses have actually torn out. The holes have the right to cause negative bounces the the ball and other problems during play, so at some point someone had actually the shining idea of obtaining the fans out of the was standing to deal with the field.

A regulation polo ar is 300 yards by 160 yards. Over there are plenty of kinds the grasses used, and like golf, a lot of research is walking into occurring special hybrids. The ar is surrounded by a short wooden border dubbed the boards. A horse and also rider might go outside the boards throughout play, however should the ball perform so, the is out of bounds and play stops.
GoalIn polo terms, this is a word through multiple meanings. Physically, it is those two short articles at each end of the ar the players keep trying come knock the ball through. This are collection eight yards apart and also will conveniently collapse if win by a steed or rider. Once players do control to hit the ball between the poles, at any kind of height, they have scored a goal, definition a point. A player’s ability is also rated native -2 to 10 goals, (also called a handicap), a 10 rating being both rare and also outstanding. A -2 does not indicate a poor player. It states a player has actually reached a level an excellent enough to be rated. The United states Polo combination assigns these ratings based on a player’s power over a season. Finally, matches are rated by purposes as well, these being the sum totals that the players involved. For this reason a “high goal” complement would have actually teams with numerous high rated players.
HookIn an attempt to thwart an opposing player’s intentionally of hitting the ball, a player may put his mallet the end to one of two people hook the opponent’s or just block the swing. This is legal as long as the “hooker” is on the very same side the the opponent’s equine as the ball.
LineOne the the most common penalties is where one player the cross in former of the one v the ball. This is dubbed “crossing the line”. The heat is an imaginary path, to run the full length of the field, in i m sorry the player v the round is running. No player have the right to go across this together it invites collisions and spills. Once a player does cross it, an umpire blows his whistle and also play is halted.
Mallet/StickMallets, which really can be dubbed sticks, are around 49 come 53 inch long, including the manage on one end and also hardwood crosspiece top top the other. The really pole is usually made the bamboo. That is provided as a protective tool in hindering an additional player’s shot, a protest signal by difficult it up in the wait after a referee’s difficult stupid contact or sometimes for hitting the ball. The round is hit through the side of the crosspiece, no the tip.
PoniesPolo purists still obtain a little tic on one next of their encounters when one phone call polo mounts “horses”, also though that is what they are and have to be for several hundred years. Formally, however, one still cheers on the polo ponies. Most are thoroughbreds and are trained broadly to pat the sport. Over there is no height limit, yet the median is 15 to 15.3 hand (a pony is 14.2 or below). Speed, stamina, and also the capacity to speed quickly, stop and turn are key traits. Players, also the boastful ones, speak the pony is approximately 80% that their ability to pat well. The best ponies are usually provided in the final chukker.
PositionsOn the field, players play different roles. The number they wear present what lock are an alleged to it is in doing out there. The player with number 1 on his jersey is a forward offensive player. He usually plays downfield and is all set to take the round toward the goal. The number 2 player is also offensive yet remains in the melee and attempts to obtain the sphere to number 1. Number 3 is the most powerful player on the team, sort of the king. The is the pivot player between offense and also defense. The number 4 player, or the back, is the one that tries hardest to defend the team’s score from the various other team’s number 1.

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UmpireThere room three referees to do everyone behave. Two, riding on the field, make most of the calls. Need to they no agree v each other, they rotate to the third person who is sitting on the sidelines. The third man’s decision is a an excellent Oz sort of ruling, and that’s that. A penalty call results in a range of punishments, from restarting the play come open opportunities to score. This is figured out by the severity of the foul.