Take a look at the photo below. Each of those fancy balls is an electron. In one atom, the electrons spin roughly the center, also called the nucleus. The electrons favor to be in different shells/orbitals. Shell number one have the right to only hold 2 electrons, shell two have the right to hold 8, and for the first eighteen aspects shell three have the right to hold a preferably of eight electrons. As you learn about elements with an ext than eighteen electron you will find that covering three can hold more than eight. As soon as one shell is full, the next electron that is included has to move to the following shell.So... For the element of NITROGEN, you currently know the the atomic number tells you the variety of electrons. That way there are 7 electrons in a nitrogen atom. Looking in ~ the picture, you deserve to see there space two electrons in covering one and also five in shell two.

You are watching: How many electrons are in a nitrogen atom


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► an ext about the background and areas to discover nitrogen.► Next aspect of the regular table.
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AmmoniaThis is an ammonia molecule through the formula, NH3. Scientists use the surname "ammonia", the same means they contact H2O "water". In this compound, three hydrogen (H) atoms share your electrons v the nitrogen (N) atom. This method the nitrogen has a filled external shell and the hydrogens have actually two electrons to to fill their shells.

See more: What Is The Factor Of 20 - Find Prime Factorization/Factors Of 20


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Nitrogen TrichlorideNitrogen can incorporate with 3 chlorine (Cl) atoms, developing nitrogen trichloride, or NCl3. Nitrogen shares its electrons through the chlorine atoms, so all of the atoms have actually their shells filled.Take a look in ~ the dots approximately the atoms. All of them now have actually eight electrons, and also a filled outer shell!
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Cyanogen ChlorideHere"s other new! We have actually three different aspects here, carbon, nitrogen, and chlorine. That"s not special, however the way they integrate is! Look in ~ the carbon and the nitrogen, they are sharing 6 electrons!When 2 atom share two electrons, that"s a solitary bond. If lock share 4 it"s a double bond. Well these two are sharing six, that"s a triple bond. It"s extremely solid and powerful. It would take a lot of work to different the C and the N!One much more thing! because the bond in between carbon and also nitrogen is for this reason strong, scientists speak to them "cyanogen" rather of carbon-nitrogen. Scientists recognize that cyanogen is always CN.
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