Take a look in ~ the snapshot below. Each of those fancy balls is an electron. In one atom, the electron spin roughly the center, also called the nucleus. The electrons choose to it is in in separate shells/orbitals. Shell number one can only organize 2 electrons, shell two have the right to hold 8, and also for the very first eighteen elements shell three can hold a maximum of eight electrons. As you learn around elements with much more than eighteen electrons you will discover that shell three deserve to hold an ext than eight. When one shell is full, the next electron the is added has to relocate to the following shell.So... Because that the element of CARBON, you currently know the the atomic number tells you the number of electrons. That means there are 6 electron in a carbon atom. Looking in ~ the picture, you have the right to see there room two electron in covering one and also four electrons in covering two.

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► more about the history and places to find carbon.► Next aspect of the regular table.
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Carbon DioxideThis is a carbon dioxide molecule. As soon as you breath out, you commonly breathe the end carbon dioxide. V the formula CO2 that way there space two oxygen (O) atoms and also one carbon (C) atom. If friend look closely at the period structure, you"ll see that castle share 4 electrons each. If a link shares two electrons that means it is a solitary bond. If a bond is consisted of of 4 electrons it is a dual bond. That method that the carbon atom has actually two double bonds, one with each oxygen atom.
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Cyanogen ChlorideHere"s something new! We have actually three different facets here, carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and also chlorine (Cl). That"s no special, but the way they incorporate is! Look in ~ the carbon and the nitrogen, they room sharing six electrons!When two atoms share 2 electrons, that"s a single bond. If castle share 4 it"s a double bond. Well these two are sharing six, that"s a triple bond. It"s extremely strong and powerful. It would certainly take a most work to different the C and the N!One an ext thing! because the bond between carbon and also nitrogen is so strong, scientists speak to them "cyanogen" instead of carbon-nitrogen. Scientists know that cyanogen is constantly CN.

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Beryllium CarbideTwo beryllium (Be) atoms space able come bond with one carbon (C) atom to develop Be2C. The beryllium atom let the carbon use their electrons so that the carbon is "happy". Every beryllium offers up both of its two extra electron to the carbon. Take it a look and also see how all of the electrons room shared.
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