When the days acquire longer and also brighter and also the temperatures begin to rise, the flock will begin to feeling the traction of the adjustment season.

You are watching: How do hens and roosters mate

But how carry out chickens mate?

Most the us execute not think around how chickens mate, why would you?

But if you room in the service of breeding and also raising birds you need to recognize a bit about the process. Also if girlfriend are elevating a couple of backyard hen there are a couple of things that are helpful to recognize about.

In this post we will explain how chicken mate by adhering to the mating process starting from the begin to finish…


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Problems through Mating

Courting and Mating Behaviors

Courtship and also mating actions are propelled by hormones.

Hormone levels rise in the bird as much more daylight becomes available during spring time.

It is during this time that hens will look for the chosen rooster.

What walk the chosen one sell you may ask – how is he different from the others?

The head or alpha rooster will be the leader that the pack. the will likely be the largest, have actually the ideal feathers and also his comb and wattles will certainly be the reddest.

He is likewise the best provider and protector that the flock.

Surprisingly hens perform consider all of this, ~ all, survive is the name of the game and also the chicken will require the best genes because that a cracking start at life. Younger males may complete for the optimal spot and also the winner will end up being (or stay) leader till he is defeated.

When adjustment season starts the rooster will get in overdrive – mating will end up being his occupation and obsession.

In the wild survival deserve to be a matter of numbers. Therefore the an ext offspring a rooster produce the far better chance the flock has of surviving.

He is in ~ his most potent early on in the morning and again in the night (but he will certainly mate every day long if the can). Roosters have been tape-recorded as mating as much as 30 time a day.

To shot and admire females he will certainly tidbit – this is where the rooster finds a tasty treat and also calls the hens end to check it.

He will tuk tuk them and keep picking up the food and dropping it prepared for she inspection. The head bobbing habits is believed to it is in a ploy to attract attention to his wattles and comb. If the hen likes what he has actually found, she will eat.

While these habits may not directly lead to adjustment at that time, the hen will certainly remember.


The roosters will begin to get a bit much more active and the hen will begin to become an ext receptive to his advances.

Just choose with our species, masculine chickens choose to impress the ladies. Gift a gentleman is mental by the hens and the likelihood of she mating v him increases.

When he has selected his liked female, he will execute a tiny courtly dance about her to signal his interest. That may obtain rebuffed several times with some hens yet once the is top top a role there is no preventing him.

Secondary roosters will likewise attempt to mate through hens in the flock. They will certainly be chased far from the hen constantly and also battles can happen. Yet research expose that some of them do acquire to mate with the hens sometimes by making use of quiet and devious tactics.

Some roosters sell false assures – they tuk tuk over nothing and then shot to woo the hen in question. Typically she will have actually none that it and also false guarantees are remembered!

How do Chickens Mate

Chicken mating is precarious at best and watching your chicken mate have the right to lead to some seriously funny moments.

They will certainly mate when they are great and ready – no amount of rooster dancing will certainly make them perform otherwise.

In reality some hen will never submit come the rooster.

When she is all set she will go into a squatting place to signal submissiveness come the rooster.

Her wings will certainly be organized slightly the end to the sides and her head and also body are reduced to the ground. This position helps the rooster to keep balance while that is treading her.

A rooster’s anatomy is a bit complicated for the negative boy. He does not have a penis to speak of, simply a small bump referred to as a papilla the is situated inside his cloaca. Over there is no action of penetration, instead that will provide her what is recognized as a cloacal kiss.

Once the hops plank the hens ago he have to position himself closely so the their cloacas deserve to touch – she will certainly lean front while he is leaning slightly backward. Once the cloacas touch, his cloaca will deliver the sperm package to the hen who cloaca has everted (turned out) to receive the package.

All this commonly takes much less than 30 seconds. He will walk away, perhaps crow, she will certainly shake herself and carry on with whatever she was doing at the moment – ahh, romance!

To understand what happens next we will go into the hen’s anatomy therefore we deserve to understand the journey of the sperm and fertilization.

This video clip gives a an excellent overview the the components of the hen’s reproductive tract and also the features of those various parts.

Once the rooster has yielded his sperm package, the sperm will proceed their trip up the reproductive tract. A sperm package deserve to contain as much as 5 billion sperm (if the rooster is at his peak).

The sperm have actually a long means to go and also will should travel up to the infundibulum i beg your pardon is a street of around 25 inches.

Not every sperm will travel up to the infundibulum at the very same time.

Some will be save in little tubules or pouches in the hen’s vagina (this is reserve sperm and is viable because that 4-5 days). Hens deserve to store sperm native multiple roosters and can likewise eject around 80% of a rooster’s sperm if she decides he is unworthy.

Problems v Mating


Non-dominant rooster: If the rooster is not dominant over the hen she may be very unwilling to mate with him and also may refuse completely. You deserve to see this when a young, brand-new rooster is presented to the flock. The older more dominant hens will stand approximately him and may cause him injury. As your young rooster grows and also matures this problem should take treatment of itself.

Feathers and also fluff: bird that have a most fluffy feathering in ~ the behind can reason problems through insemination. Occasionally it is crucial to trim the feathers roughly the cloaca to allow far better access for the rooster.

Obesity: This is a trouble with part backyard flocks. We all love to spoil our chickens however obese hens have the right to have some fertility and also egg laying problems as a straight result.

Size: No issue how difficult he tries, you space going to have difficulties mating a bantam male to a traditional hen. It deserve to be done yet it calls for patience and persistence on your rooster’s behalf.

Injuries: sometimes an overexuberant rooster have the right to tear up hens. In this case it is ideal to replace him.

Caring For hurt Hens


Hens can acquire injured due to the fact that of:

Over mating.Inexperienced roosters.Or roosters with lengthy spurs.

Over mating can be solved easily. Eliminate the hen indigenous the mating pens and let her recuperate for at least a couple of weeks.

Now onto inexperienced roosters, lock can reason some hen a the majority of damage. After lock mate girlfriend should inspect your hen for any type of open wounds that need to be treated. If you have actually open wounds to treat, use level Neosporin or a an ideal balm top top the wounds and also keep she isolated until the wounds have actually healed. Large skin tears must be evaluate by a vet as stronger antibiotics might be needed together with stitches.

If the keeps cutting she then using a hen saddle will certainly help. The hens have the right to wear them while the rooster is mating through them – it saves their feathers and skin a lot of wear and also tear. Simply make certain to examine the saddle every day. The saddle provides the earlier warm and also inviting come lice and mites, so examine frequently!

Finally, roosters with lengthy spurs. Make sure to trim them before mating season starts. This will prevent some of the typically seen damage.

Frequently request Questions

How to do chickens and roosters mate?

Generally speak roosters hardly ever need any kind of encouragement come mate. If girlfriend have certain birds the you desire to mate, placed them into a pen together and also give castle time.

Do chickens require a rooster come lay eggs?


Chickens will certainly lay eggs without a rooster.

How often do chicken mate?

In the adjustment season a rooster can mate numerous times every day (between 10-30 times a day). Hopefully this is no the same bad hen!

What is selective breeding?

Selective breeding is where just the best versions that the breed space breed. This is done to boost the egg laying, meat or illustration of the bird. Selective reproduction in previous times has offered us every one of our lovely breeds consisting of Orpingtons, Rhode Island Reds and Silkies.


When breeding your chickens your biggest problem should be for the welfare of your hens.

Make sure your hens execute not acquire over-mated throughout the season.

If you space looking for actively broody breeds climate breeds such together Silkies and Cochins space happy come sit on any bird’s egg in bespeak to flower them.

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We expect this has been useful in explaining a couple of things around the mating process for you.

If girlfriend still have any type of questions climate let us know in the comments section below… will certainly you be breeding your chickens this year?