Chapter 5: her Vehicle

These items will be checked prior to you take the driving test for your license. If her tires, brake light, directional signals, brakes, steering, horn or mirror room not in an excellent condition, you will not be allowed to take it the driving test.

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You might be stopped at any kind of time by a law enforcement officer because that a auto inspection.

Equipment Standards

The tools on your car must meet details standards. These are noted below.

Brakes:

Your vehicle must have two braking systems. Every must be able to stop the vehicle alone. The parking or emergency brake must be strong enough to organize the car on any kind of hill. Your brakes must be able to stop your automobile within the distance presented on the graph on the right.

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Braking Distance

You must be able to stop your automobile within the distance displayed by the black cars as soon as you usage the foot brake. Because that safest driving, keep your brakes in such an excellent condition the you have the right to stop in ~ distance shown by the white cars.

It is necessary to note that the graph below illustrates the braking street AFTER friend HAVE used YOUR BRAKES. To this need to be added a REACTION DISTANCE, i beg your pardon is the street you take trip from seeing the peril to placing your foot top top the brake pedal. Since 3/4 2nd is the typical reaction time, a motorist will take trip 11 feet for each 10 m.p.h. That speed before hitting the brake. At 50 m.p.h. This distance would certainly be 55 feet!

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Lights:

Your automobile must have the following lights:

Bright (high-beam) headlights which present objects 450 feet ahead.Dimmed (low-beam) headlights which show objects 150 feet ahead.Two red taillights an installed on the rear, clearly shows from 1,000 feet.A white irradiate that provides the license plate visible from 50 feet (The plate must be preserved clean).Two red stoplights. They should be viewed from 300 feet in the daytime, and also must come on as soon as the foot brake is pressed.

All vehicles, consisting of animal-drawn vehicles, must have actually at the very least one white irradiate visible from a distance of not less than 1,000 feet come the front. Lock must also have two red lights visible native a street of not much less than 1,000 feet to the rear, or one red irradiate visible to the behind for a street of 1,000 feet and also two red reflectors visible from all distances from 600 feet to 1,000 feet.

Other devices Standards

Horn: Your auto must have a horn which deserve to be heard native a street of 200 feet.

Windshield Wiper: Your vehicle must have actually a windshield wiper in great working order because that cleaning rain, eye or various other moisture native the windshield.

Windshields: should be security glass and may not be covered or cure with any material which has actually the impact of do the windshield reflective or in any way non-transparent. It should be complimentary of any type of stickers not forced by law.

Side windows: might not be created of, covered by, or cure with any type of material which has a very reflective or mirrored appearance and also reflects more than 35% of the light.

Rear windows: once the rear window is composed of, spanned by, or treated with any kind of material which renders the rear home window non-transparent, the vehicle must be equipped through side winter on both sides.

Directional signals: You have to have electrical turn signals if your vehicle measures more than 24 inches native the facility of the peak of the steering write-up to the left external limit the the body, or as soon as the distance from the steering article to the behind of the human body or pack is better than 14 feet.

Tires: her tires should have visible tread of at least 2/32 of an inch throughout the base through no worn spots showing the ply. Smooth tires on wet roads contribute to thousands of serious crashes.

Mirrors: Your automobile must have at least one rearview mirror which provides a view of the highway at the very least 200 feet to the rear.

Keeping your auto in an excellent Condition

No matter just how well girlfriend drive, you room not safe unless your automobile is in an excellent condition. If the is not, you could have a significant crash.

Brakes: examine to see that the pedal remains well above the floor as soon as you action on it. If the auto pulls to one side as soon as you use the brakes or girlfriend hear any type of scraping or squealing noises, your brakes might need to be repaired.

Lights: change burned-out bulbs and clean lenses often. Dirty headlights can cut your night vision through one-half. Shed out signal lights or brake lights median you can"t tell other drivers what you space doing. Store your lights adjusted so the you don"t remote oncoming drivers.

Windows and also Windshields: keep the glass clean, inside and also out, to reduce glare.

Equipment not Permitted

You may not have on or in your vehicle:

Red or blue emergency lights. These room for emergency and also law enforcement vehicles only.A siren, bell or whistle.A really loud muffler or one that lets out smoke.Signs, posters or sticker labels on the windshield or home windows (except those forced by law).A tv which the driver have the right to see.More than two spotlights, cowl or fender lights, fog lights (in front), or other extra lamp (in front).Headsets worn by driver while operating a vehicle.

Bumper elevation Requirements

Owners the automobiles and pickup trucks are forced to have both front and rear bumpers mounted within details height levels. Elevation limitations are governed through the new shipping load of the vehicle; not the amendment or altered weight. The preferably allowable heights between the pavement and bottom the the front and also rear bumper, as detailed by section 316.251, Florida Statutes, are:

Cars v a network weight of less than 2,500 pounds — 22 inches front and also rear;Cars 2,500 pounds or an ext but much less than 3,500 pounds — 24 inches front and also 26 inch rear;Cars 3,500 pounds or more — 27 inch front; 29 customs rear;Trucks under 2,000 — 24 customs front; 26 inches rear;Trucks 2,000 pounds or more but much less than 3,000 pounds — 27 customs front, and 29 inches rear;Trucks 3,000 pounds or an ext but not an ext than 5,000 pounds — 28 customs front; 30 customs rear.

Please execute not Tamper

It is illegal to tamper with, remove, or reason not to work, any kind of pollution control an equipment on her vehicle. Those who carry out are guilty the a very first or 2nd degree misdemeanor depending on the offense.

Tampering through emissions control devices damages your vehicle and can reason the following:

Increased waiting pollution.Lower gas mileage and also less automobile efficiency.More maintain costs.Respiratory (breathing) difficulties.

DO no EXHAUST FLORIDA"S FUTURE!

Anti-Locking Brake system (ABS)

Anti-locking brakes avoid skidding and permit drivers to steer during an emergency, braking situation. ABS can assist improve car stability (avoiding spinouts), steering ability (directing the automobile where the driver desires to go) and stopping capacity (distance necessary to prevent the vehicle).

Many chauffeurs learned the correct way to protect against in an emergency situation where traction is lost and the auto slides is by pump the brakes, when this is correct v conventional brakes, through ABS the is different. All vehicle drivers need to carry out with vehicles who have actually ABS is press down hard on the brake pedal, hold it and steer out of danger. In an emergency situation, ABS pumps the brakes because that the driver and pumps the brakes at a much quicker rate 보다 the driver ever could. Drivers should be mindful that removed steady press from the brake pedal or pump the brakes will certainly disengage or "turn off" the ABS.

One the the most important benefits that ABS is that driver have the right to steer the automobile away from dangers while braking. Drivers should not revolve the steering wheel difficult or jerk the automobile in one direction. Regulate of the auto can be preserved by steering wherein the driver desires to go. Vehicle drivers need to check that website traffic is clear once deciding whereby to steer and constantly remember come steer earlier into the original lane as quickly as the peril is cleared.

Vehicles can be equipped v two different types of ABS:

Four-wheel-Passenger cars and some irradiate trucks. Always remember come brake hard and steer. The is vital to save firm and consistent pressure ~ above the brake pedal when stopping.Rear-wheel-Only on part light trucks. It stays clear of the behind wheels indigenous locking up so that the ago end that the vehicle does not skid sideways. The former wheels have the right to still lock up and also the driver will shed steering regulate if this happens. In this situation, the driver must let increase on the brake pedal v just enough pressure to enable the front wheels to begin rolling again to gain back control. As soon as the driver feels the he has regained steering control, the brake pedal must be again be firmly engaged.

Drivers can determine whether their cars have actually ABS by looking for a lighted ABS symbol on the dashboard best after starting the engine, check the owners manual or asking the dealer.

Steering Lock procedure Instructions(Automobile safety and security Foundation)

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Motorcycles

There is a separate written test and road test for motorcycle operators. If you plan to operate motorcycles and vehicles with 4 or more wheels, you must take the composed test and also road test because that motorcycles, and the continual written test and also road test for automobiles.

Extra information for motorcycle operator is easily accessible in a separate handbook. Ask for a copy that the motorcycle handbook if you will be operating a motorcycle. Read and also study this manual and also the motorcycle handbook prior to taking your patent examination. All an initial time applicants applying for motorcycle endorsements who space under 21 years of age, must finish a department-approved motorcycle safety and security course before they have the right to be licensed to operate a motorcycle. Contact your local Florida driver license office for school locations.

Bicycles

Persons talk bicycles or mopeds on a roadway have the same legal rights (with particular exceptions)and duties as vehicle drivers of motor vehicles. Bicycle riders will obtain traffic tickets for website traffic violations. Know and also obey these laws:

Bicyclists should obey all website traffic controls and signals.An adult bicyclist may carry a son in a backpack or sling, son seat or trailer designed to carry children.You might not allow a passenger to continue to be in a child seat or carrier when you are not in immediate manage of the bicycle.Bicyclists and also passengers under period of 16 are required to stay helmets authorized by ANSI, Snell or various other standard well-known by Florida. (Bicycle helmets room recommended for every ages)Every bicycle should be equipped through a brake or brakes which allow the bicyclist to prevent within 25 feet as soon as traveling from a speed of 10 miles per hour top top a dry, level, clean pavement.A bicyclist ~ above a sidewalk or crosswalk should yield ideal of method to pedestrians and also must offer an audible signal prior to passing.Keep at least one hand on the handlebars.On the roadway, check behind friend before changing lanes.For use in between sunset and sunrise, a bicycle should be equipped v a desk lamp on the prior exhibiting a white light visible from 500 feet to the front and also both a red reflector and also a lamp on the behind exhibiting a red irradiate visible native 600 feet to the rear.If you room not travel at the rate of other traffic, remain on the the rightmost portion if the roadway except when passing, do a left turn, avoiding hazards or when a roadway is also narrow for you and also a car to share it safely.When operation a bike on a one-way street v two or much more traffic lanes, you may ride as close come the left-hand leaf of the roadway together practicable.Do no ride two abreast as soon as this will certainly impede the circulation of traffic.If you intend to do a left turn, you are entitled to complete use the the lane from i beg your pardon the turn is made.In enhancement to the regular vehicular-style left turn, you may proceed in the new direction that travel.Signal your will to revolve to other car operators by pointing in the direction you space going come turn.Do not wear headphones or any other listening device except a hearing help while bicycling.Do not ride a bicycle when under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Mopeds

Persons speak mopeds have actually the exact same rights and duties as motorists of engine vehicles. Moped riders will obtain citations for web traffic violations.Know and also obey these moped laws:

You should be 16 years of age or older to operate a moped top top a publicly road.Operators the mopeds must have the minimum the a course E license. No motorcycle proof is required.Mopeds have to be registered annually and a tags purchased.Mopeds might not be activate on bicycle routes or foot paths.No human being may operate a moped in ~ a speed greater than 25 MPH.Moped operators do not have to carry PIP insurance.Operators 16 years period or older room not forced to stay helmets.

Vehicle Licensing

If you accept employment or communicate in a trade, job or occupation in Florida or if girlfriend enroll your children to be education in a public college in Florida, the car you very own must have a Florida registration certificate and also license plate. Girlfriend must obtain the registration certificate and also license plate within 20 days after the beginning of together employment or enrollment. You likewise must have actually a Florida Certificate of location for your vehicle, uneven an out-of-state financial school holds the title and also will not release it come Florida.

Proving Ownership and Insurance Coverage

To acquire your patent plate and also registration certificate, you should prove that you own your vehicle and also that you have an individual Injury defense (PIP) insurance allowance coverage for her vehicle. You should prove property by showing your certificate that title. You must prove PIP coverage by reflecting an insurance allowance identification card or other acceptable proof. The auto identification number (VIN) on any kind of vehicle formerly titled or registered in another state should be verified by among several designated officials prior to the vehicle can be titled and also registered in Florida. The VIN ~ above any new vehicle purchased from an out-of-state dealer come be initially titled in Florida must additionally be verified.

Applying for title, license plates and registration

Apply because that title, license plates and also registration at any kind of tax collector"s office in Florida. The expense of your patent plate will count on the kind and weight of your vehicle. Your automobile must constantly have a current license plate and also you must constantly have her vehicle"s registration once you space driving. If you buy a car from a dealer in Florida, the dealer must apply for a certificate the title, certificate the registration and license plate because that you. If friend buy a vehicle from one individual, friend must obtain the title from the individual and apply because that a certificate of location in her name. Girlfriend may use for certificate of title, certificate that registration and also license plate in ~ the exact same time. You cannot acquire a license plate until you have actually a title to prove that you own the vehicle.

Renewal

Vehicle license plates and also registration have to be renewed every year, ~ above or before the date of birth of the an initial owner listed on the it is registered form. Each time friend renew, you should prove the you have the required insurance. You might renew by mail.

Registrations expire at midnight top top the birthday of the an initial owner noted on the registration form, except for:

mobile houses — renew yearly by January 31.truck-tractors and also semi-trailers — renew yearly through December 31.vehicles owned by companies and also corporations, and also some commercial vehicles — renew yearly by June 30.

For much more information or aid on motor auto title and also registration, call your regional tax collector"s office.

Class E patent and restricted Class E patent Exam Questions

On your road rules examination, you will certainly be provided 20 questions and asked to pick the right answers because that each. During the composed exam, you may not use publications or notes, and you might not talk to anyone except the examiner.

You must read each concern carefully, and read every of the four feasible answers. Choose the ideal answer. A sample concern with the correct answer is presented below.

The main reason for evaluating persons before issuing driver licenses is:

( ) To provide revenue for state government.( ) To save a record of the variety of drivers.( ) because that accident records and insurance companies.(X) To determine the applicant"s abilities, knowledge and skills.

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Your finish written examination will include 20 road signs and also 20 inquiries on roadway rules. Come pass, girlfriend must choose the appropriate answers come at least 15 roadway signs and 15 roadway rules questions. Sample test concerns are noted below. These concerns will not necessarily appear on the examination. Answers to all of the sample questions can be discovered in this book.

What is the definition of a felony?If friend knowingly make a false explain in an applications for a driver license or identification card, can you it is in fined and also placed in prison upon conviction?Can a human being temporarily operate a farm yard tractor top top the highway without a driver license?How plenty of forms of identification need to you display the examiner when you apply for your an initial driver license or identification card?If your name has been legit changed, exactly how would friend go about getting it changed on her driver license?You must achieve a brand-new license reflecting the new address within how numerous days that moving?If you shed your Florida driver license and also need a duplicate license, where carry out you use for it?If you failed to answer a web traffic summons, would certainly you have the ability to renew her license?What would happen to the patent of a driver who was connected in an accident and did not stop to assist persons who were injured?If you receive twelve points in ~ twelve months, for just how long will certainly your patent be suspended?What are the penalties because that driving under the affect (DUI)?Both her judgment and vision are affected after drink alcohol. I beg your pardon is affected first?What space the penalties for refusing to take a test to recognize whether you space intoxicated?What kind of insurance have to you have on motor vehicles with four or an ext wheels?If your driver license is revoked because that DUI or suspended because that too countless points, what type of insurance have to you either purchase or prove the you had on the date of the violation or effective day of the suspension?What are the penalties because that littering?If friend hit a parked car and also are can not to uncover the owner, what have to you do?When a crash outcomes in building damages of any kind of amount, need to the driver educate the Florida Highway Patrol, the Sheriff"s Department, or the City Police Department?After a crash has been investigated by one officer, go the driver need to send a written report to the department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles?Who is forced to wear seat belts when riding in the front seat of a car or a pickup truck?If a fourteen-year-old front-seat passenger is no wearing a chair belt, who could be charged with the violation?What is the maximum speed limit because that passenger dare on a two-lane highway during the daytime?What is the maximum rate limit in a residential area if over there is no speed limit sign?What is the maximum speed limit on an interstate highway top top a clear day? In a landscape area?When room you driving also slowly; have the right to you it is in issued a ticket?What have to you do as soon as approaching a human being who is riding or top a steed upon or near the roadway?What must you do once you view a pedestrian v a white cane in the street ahead of you?To what periods does the child Restraint legislation apply?When you are entering a highway or street from a exclusive driveway and also the way is clear, can you move forward without preventing first?Are vehicles travel in the opposite direction of school buses that have stopped to unload youngsters on a separated highway through a dividing barrier required come stop?When a college bus stops to unload youngsters on a separated highway, need to the vehicles travel in the very same direction as the bus stop?If a college bus stop to unload kids on a four-lane highway divided only through a four-foot paved strip, should vehicles traveling in the contrary direction stop?For how many feet before you begin to turn need to you start your revolve signal as soon as you space driving on a highway?Suppose you are driving ~ above a four-lane highway. Native which lane need to you turn? into which lane need to you turn?Is that a violation of the legislation to use rotate signals to let other vehicle drivers know the is safe to pass?Is an arm signal for a left revolve made by expanding the left arm right out the the window?When may you journey in the left roadway of a roadway with four or an ext lanes through two-way traffic?After passing a vehicle, you must return come the appropriate side of the road prior to coming in ~ how plenty of feet of an oncoming vehicle?At what locations is that unlawful come overtake and also pass?Can a driver who crosses a solid heat on the best of the center line that the highway be issued a ticket because that the violation?What is the encourage safe adhering to distance?Which means should you revolve your wheels when parking facing uphill whereby there is a curb? Which means should you turn them whereby there is no a curb?Can you park your vehicle on a sidewalk, in ~ an intersection, or on a crosswalk?May you drive with just your parking lights on, in ar of her headlights?Are motor scooters who engines have less than 150 cubic centimeter displacement enabled to be thrust on one expressway?What have to you perform if friend drive past the departure on an federal government highway where you want to obtain off?At what times have to you use your headlights?When approaching another vehicle native the rear at night, within how countless feet have to you dim your bright headlights?Within how plenty of feet of an oncoming auto should you dim your bright headlights?Under what conditions must you use your headlights as soon as driving in the daytime?If you method a red light and also a traffic officer directs you come go with the intersection there is no stopping, what need to you do?What go a green arrow showing in ~ the same time together a red traffic light average you deserve to do?After a complete stop at a red web traffic light may a driver turn ideal if the means is clear?What go a red web traffic light mean? What does a flashing red web traffic light mean?Can you continue with caution once you strategy a flashing yellow light?Where do you usually uncover "YIELD RIGHT-OF-WAY" indications posted?If much more than one vehicle is approaching a four-way prevent sign and you space the very first one to acquire there and stop, execute you deserve to move front first?What go a "PAVEMENT ENDS" authorize mean?What does a solid yellow heat to the ideal of the facility line the the highway mean?What go a twin solid yellow heat in the facility of the highway mean? What go a twin solid white heat in the center of the highway mean?What does a broken white line on the highway mean?When the foot brake is pressed, i m sorry light need to come on?In addition to other equipment, is your car required to have actually a white light that renders the license plate clearly shows from 50 feet, a windshield wiper and a horn?What is the maximum allowable height between the pavement and bottom that a front and rear bumper for a truck that weighs 4,000 pounds?Are drivers enabled to undertake headsets while operating a vehicle?What rights and duties execute riders the bicycles and mopeds have?When a motorist preparing to make a right hand rotate move right into a bike lane?What is the suitable passing procedure because that a motorist as soon as a bicyclist is occupying as well much room for you to share the lane?What is the legal an interpretation of a bicycle?What is the proper way to usage anti-lock brakes in one emergency situation?What go anti-lock braking systems avoid when provided in one emergency preventing situation?