U.S.S. Maine beginning Havana harbor January 25, 1898, about 3 weeks before the explosion and sinking.

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There was more than one means to acquire an ext land. If the globe had already been claimed by imperial powers, the United says could always seize lands organized by others. American were feeling proud that their growing industrial and military prowess. The long-dormant Monroe Doctrine might finally be enforced. Great sense suggested that as soon as treading top top the toes the empires, America must start small. In 1898, Spain to be weak and also Americans knew it. Soon the possibility to strike arose.

Involvement in Cuba


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Cuba became the nexus the Spanish-American tensions. Since 1895, Cubans had been in open revolt versus Spanish rule. The adhering to year, Spain sent general Valeriano Weyler come Cuba to sedate the rebels. Anyone suspected of supporting independence was removed from the general population and sent out to concentration camps. Although couple of were summarily executed, conditions at the camps led over 200,000 to die of disease and malnutrition. The news reached the American mainland with the newspapers of the yellow journalists. Wilhelm Randolph Hearst and also Joseph Pulitzer were the 2 most prominent publishers who were willing to use sensational headlines to market papers. Hearst even sent the renowned painter Frederick Remington to Cuba come depict Spanish misdeeds. The American public to be appalled.

The Maine Sinks

In February 1898, relations in between the unified States and Spain deteriorated further. Dupuy de Lôme, the Spanish minister come the unified States had written a stinging letter about President McKinley to a personal friend. The letter to be stolen and also soon found itself ~ above the workdesk of Hearst, who promptly released it on February 9. ~ public outcry, de Lôme was recalled to Spain and also the Spanish federal government apologized. The tranquility was short-lived, however. ~ above the evening of February 15, a sudden and shocking to explode tore a hole in the hull of the American battleship Maine, which had actually been ~ above patrol in Havana harbor. The immediate presumption was that the sinking the the Maine and the concomitant deaths that 260 seafarers was the an outcome of Spanish treachery. Return no conclusive results have ever before been proven, numerous Americans had currently made up your minds, demanding an prompt declaration that war.

McKinley proceeded v prudence at first. As soon as the Spanish government agreed come an armistice in Cuba and an end to concentration camps, it seemed as despite a compromise was in reach. Yet the American public, agitated through the yellow press and also American imperialists, demanded for sure action. "Remember the Maine, come hell through Spain!" was the cry. ~ above April 11, 1898, McKinley request the Congress for permission come use pressure in Cuba. To send a blog post to the rest of the civilization that the United says was interested in Cuban independence instead the American colonization, congress passed the teller Amendment, i beg your pardon promised the America would certainly not annex the valuable islands. After the conscience-clearing measure, American leaders threw caution to the wind and declared open up warfare top top the Spanish throne.


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The destruction of USS MaineCheck the end the Naval historic Center"s website top top the U.S.S. Maine for an introduction essay top top the sinking the the ship, a page full of historic photos and also art, and also lists that casualties and also survivors. An excellent resource.

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The Platt Amendment
The text of the Platt Amendment, pass by conference in 1901, which set out guidelines because that relations between Cuba and the United states in the wake of Cuba"s liberty from Spain.

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The human being of 1898: Cuba
This Library of congress website includes substantial background essay top top Cuba in the month leading approximately the Spanish American War. The timeline indigenous 1898 through 1899 is illustrated.

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U.S.S. Maine Memorial
The anchor and the mast that the U.S.S. Maine kind part the the memorial to the American lives lost when it to be sunk in 1898. This site has pictures of the memorial and also two newspaper write-ups written because that the 100th anniversary of the event, one written from the U.S., the other from Cuba, proof that time alone go not clear up controversy.

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Yellow Journalism
A webpage dedicated to yellow journalism indigenous PBS"s Crucible of empire website. Illustrated and has links to biographies and further information.

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