Credit: A. Makris / Greek Reporter

On fourth of July, past the American Independence, we likewise celebrate the global ideals of old Greece that offer as the structures to the western world. The ideas and practices that brought about the breakthrough of the American autonomous republic after 1776 owe a blame to the old civilization that Greece. The Greek ideals that democracy and the ascendancy of Law, now provides people roughly the civilization with a means of protecting their human being rights and holding each other accountable as equals under the law.

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All of America’s establishing fathers, that were confronted with the momentous task of producing a government of their choosing, had actually studied old Greek philosophers’ texts, illustration inspiration about morals, ethics and also the sense of independence, all an essential principles the a autonomous society.

They looked come what they understood the ideal philosophies and examples of federal government throughout people history. In addition to the roman inn model, the democratic model of old Greece’s mechanism of self-government greatly influenced how the starting fathers set out to build the new United states government.


US State and Greek polis

A U.S. State resembles the community structure of an old Greek polis or city-state. A polis was created of an urban center and also the land bordering it, developments similar to the of the significant cities and state fundings in the joined States and also the rural locations surrounding them.

In ancient Greece, some of the key city-states to be Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and also Syracuse. These city-states acted individually for the most part. However, occasionally they engaged in a war against each other. They likewise banded together to protect Greece from international invaders.

Historian and also professor Carl J. Richard notes the from Herodotus and also Plutarch, the co-founder learned the story the the Persian War, the near miraculous victory of the tiny Greek republics over the seemingly invincible Persian empire.

“From this tale, the founders learned the it was possible for a arsenal of tiny republics to defeat a central monarchical realm in a battle for survival. This to be a critical lesson because the founders challenged just together a power in the Revolutionary War,” the adds.

Rule that Law

All Greek city-states had actually sets that rules through which the human being lived in observance and laws they were required to obey. In old Greece, the idea of dominion of regulation came from thinker Aristotle and his belief in herbal law. He asserted the existence of a greater justice in nature—certain crucial rights—that superseded the laws written by humans. Aristotle believed that civilization should align themselves with this herbal law and govern by its ethics.

In the United claims today, the dominance of legislation is a principle that ensures the all legislations are publicly accessible, same enforced, and also independently judged and also that lock adhere to international person rights ethics. The rule of law is important since it enables all individuals and institutions (including the federal government itself) to be held accountable for your actions. By agreeing to follow the dominion of Law, the joined States have the right to prevent abuses of strength by leader who could act as if they are above the law.

F. A. Hayek, in The structure of Liberty, traces the an extremely concept of the preeminence of legislation to the Greeks. Yet such have to be expected. If the Greeks promoted natural legislation they would also advocate the dominion of together law. This is what Aristotle meant when he claimed “it is an ext proper that the regulation should govern than any of the citizens.”

Written Constitution

Another important old Greek principle that affected the development of the joined States federal government was the composed constitution. Aristotle, or possibly among his students, compiled and also recorded The constitution of the Athenians and also the laws of countless other Greek city-states. Having actually a written constitution creates a usual standard regarding how human being should behave and also what rules they need to follow. It likewise establishes clean processes through which people that break the law are judged and those who space harmed together a an outcome can it is in compensated or offered justice.

Like The structure of the Athenians, the U.S. Constitution is a an essential document. The lays out the government’s structure and also how the checks and also balances of strength within it, relate to one another. The U.S. Structure acts as the supreme law of the country and also establishes separation, personal, instance citizens’ rights, such together the right to complimentary speech or the best to a attempt by a jury of one’s peers. Today, the U.S. Structure is still consistently referenced in legislation as the supreme law of the land and is applied by the U.S. Can be fried Court, the country’s highest possible court.

Voting system

The original U.S. Vote system had actually some similarities through that that Athens, where every citizen might speak his mind and also vote at a large assembly the met to develop laws. Citizen were chosen to unique councils to serve as organizers, decision-makers, and also judges. However, the only people considered citizens in Athens to be males end the period of 18. Women, slaves, and conquered peoples could not poll in the assembly or be liked to offer on councils.

The founders of the united States likewise believed the only particular people must be allowed to vote and elect officials. They decided to framework the United claims as a representative democracy. This means that citizens elect officials, such together senators and representatives, that vote on behalf of the citizen they stand for in Congress. The also way that instead of each individual citizens voting because that president directly, a body referred to as the Electoral university officially casts the votes of each state for the president. As in Athens, when the United says was founded, only white, landowning guys were permitted to vote. Over time, however, all U.S. Citizens end the age of 18 who have actually not to be convicted of a felony have got the ideal to vote.

American Independence: united state Presidents praise ancient Greek ideals

Successive united state Presidents have payed relocating tributes to the contribution old Greece made come the principles that shame American Independence and western democracy.

Standing next to a Greek flag, us President Joe Biden sent out a video message for Greek freedom Day on march 25, 2021.

“For 200 years our nations’ fates have been intertwined. Young human being from the newly developed United states joined Greeks in your fight to safeguard democracy and individual freedom,” Biden said.

For his last international trip in November 2016, Barack Obama made decision Athens. Was standing on the Acropolis he claimed that v his visit he want to refer his gratitude because that all the Greece — “this small, an excellent world” — has given to humankind through the ages.

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“Our hearts have actually been moved by the tragedies that Aeschylus and Euripides. Ours minds have actually been opened by the histories of Herodotus and Thucydides. Our understanding of the world and also our ar in it has been expanded by Socrates and also Aristotle”, Obama said.

When he saw the Parthenon, “this symbol of west democracy,” he stressed the “our ideals around democracy our notions of citizenship, our notions of dominance of law, began to build here.”

Speaking in march 2019 in the White House, president Donald Trump said that “the U.S and also the totality western civilization has been shaped by the success of the Greek people.”

President Trump celebrates Greek freedom Day

President trump card in praise of Greek americans at the Greek independence Day ceremony at the White House: “This evening us celebrate the numerous ways Greek american strengthened our nation…You live by the values that space the structures of America’s greatness." full story: https://bit.ly/2OcbQWA

Posted by Greek Reporter top top Monday, march 18, 2019

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